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seldom

[sel-duh m] /ˈsɛl dəm/
adverb
1.
on only a few occasions; rarely; infrequently; not often:
We seldom see our old neighbors anymore.
adjective
2.
rare; infrequent.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English seldum, variant of seldan; cognate with German selten, Gothic silda-
Related forms
seldomness, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for more seldom

seldom

/ˈsɛldəm/
adverb
1.
not often; rarely
Word Origin
Old English seldon; related to Old Norse sjāldan, Old High German seltan
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for more seldom

seldom

adv.

late Old English seldum, alteration of seldan "seldom, rarely," from Proto-Germanic *selda- "strange, rare" (cf. Old Norse sjaldan, Old Frisian selden, Dutch zelden, Old High German seltan, German selten), perhaps ultimately from the base of self (q.v.).

Form shifted on analogy of adverbial dative plurals in -um (e.g. whilom "at one time," from while). The same development also created litlum from little, miclum from mickle. German seltsam "strange, odd," Dutch zeldzaam are related, but with the second element conformed to their versions of -some.

Seldom-times is from mid-15c. (Old English had seldhwanne "seldwhen"). Seldom-seen is from mid-15c. (Old English had seldsiene, "seld-seen").

Some compounds using the old form survived through Middle English, e.g. selcouth"rarely or little-known, unusual, strange, wonderful," from Old English selcuð, seld-cuð, from seldan + cuð (see couth). Old English seldan had comparative seldor, superlative seldost; in early Middle English, as seldan changed form and lost its connection with these, selde was formed as a positive. Shakespeare uses seld-shown.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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