puncheon

1 [puhn-chuhn]
noun
1.
a large cask of varying capacity, but usually 80 gallons (304 liters).
2.
the volume of such a cask, used as a measure.

Origin:
1425–75; Middle English ponchoun, punchon < Middle French ponçon, perhaps to be identified with puncheon2

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puncheon

2 [puhn-chuhn]
noun
1.
a heavy slab of timber, roughly dressed, for use as a floorboard.
2.
a short, upright framing timber.
3.
a.
any of various pointed instruments; a punch.
b.
a stamping tool.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English ponson, punçon, ponchoun < Middle French ponçon < Latin pūnctiōn- (stem of pūnctiō) a pricking, hence, pricking tool, equivalent to pūnct(us) (past participle of pungere to prick; cf. point) + -iōn- -ion

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
puncheon1 (ˈpʌntʃən)
 
n
1.  a large cask of variable capacity, usually between 70 and 120 gallons
2.  the volume of such a cask used as a liquid measure
 
[C15 poncion, from Old French ponchon, of uncertain origin]

puncheon2 (ˈpʌntʃən)
 
n
1.  a short wooden post that is used as a vertical strut
2.  a less common name for punch
 
[C14 ponson, from Old French ponçon, from Latin punctiō a puncture, from pungere to prick]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

puncheon
"cask for liquor," 1479, from M.Fr. poinchon (13c.), of unknown origin. Uncertain connection with puncheon "slab of timber" (1466), also "pointed tool for punching" (see punch (n.1)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Puncheon that is slightly elevated is termed surface puncheon.
Puncheon that is slightly elevated is termed standard puncheon.
Tiny lakes are skirted by a puncheon bridge walkway and surrounded by blueberry
  bushes that turn a blazing scarlet in autumn.
They made puncheon floors for the fort cabins of logs split in the middle and
  placed with the rounded sides down.
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