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red1

[red] /rɛd/
noun
1.
any of various colors resembling the color of blood; the primary color at one extreme end of the visible spectrum, an effect of light with a wavelength between 610 and 780 nanometers.
2.
something red.
3.
(often initial capital letter) Older Slang: Usually Disparaging. a radical leftist in politics, especially a Communist.
4.
Informal. red light (def 1).
5.
Informal. red wine:
a glass of red.
6.
Also called red devil, red bird. Slang. a capsule of the drug secobarbital, usually red in color.
adjective, redder, reddest.
7.
of the color red.
8.
having distinctive areas or markings of red:
a red robin.
9.
of or indicating a state of financial loss or indebtedness:
the red column in the ledger.
10.
Older Slang: Usually Disparaging.
  1. radically left politically.
  2. (often initial capital letter) communist:
    Red China.
11.
Older Use: Disparaging and Offensive. relating to, noting, or characteristic of North American Indian peoples.
Idioms
12.
in the red, operating at a loss or being in debt (opposed to in the black):
The newspaper strike put many businesses in the red.
13.
paint the town red. paint (def 16).
14.
see red, Informal. to become very angry; become enraged:
Snobs make her see red.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English red, Old English rēad; cognate with German rot, Dutch rood, Old Norse raudhr, Latin rūfus, ruber, Greek erythrós; see rubella, rufescent, erythro-
Related forms
redly, adverb

red2

[red] /rɛd/
verb (used with object), red, redding.
1.
redd1 .

Red

[red] /rɛd/
noun
1.
a male or female given name.
2.
a nickname typically given to someone with red hair.

red-

1.
variant of re- before a vowel or h in some words:
redintegrate.

-red

1.
a native English suffix, denoting condition, formerly used in the formation of nouns:
hatred; kindred.
Origin
Middle English -rede, Old English -rǣden

R

[ahr] /ɑr/
verb
1.
Informal. are :
Oysters R in season.

Grange

[greynj] /greɪndʒ/
noun
1.
Harold ("Red"; "the Galloping Ghost") 1903–1991, U.S. football player.

Skelton

[skel-tn] /ˈskɛl tn/
noun
1.
John, c1460–1529, English poet.
2.
Richard Bernard ("Red") 1913–97, U.S. actor and comedian.

Auerbach

[ou-er-bahk, our-; for 2 also German ou-uh r-bahkh] /ˈaʊ ərˌbɑk, ˈaʊr-; for 2 also German ˈaʊ ərˌbɑx/
noun
1.
Arnold ("Red") 1917–2006, U.S. basketball coach and manager.
2.
Berthold
[ber-tohlt] /ˈbɛr toʊlt/ (Show IPA),
1812–82, German novelist.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for red
  • Using garbage bags and sunlight, researchers figured out the genetics of apples' red color.
  • Leaves are bright red when new, maturing to bronzy blood red.
  • Print detailed illustrations of red kangaroos and other animals to color or use in school projects.
  • After a pint of blood is collected, it is processed into its transfusible components: plasma, platelets and red blood cells.
  • The best such product is the red blood cell, which carries the oxygen that converts glucose to energy.
  • The treated mouse began producing healthy red blood cells on its own.
  • The different directions of diffusion are color-coded red, green, and blue.
  • They may look simple, but our red blood cells are the sophisticated result of evolution.
  • Among a sea of white and red, astronomers search for the color of life.
  • red-green color-blind people may miss out on the subtle tones of a forest or a bouquet of roses, but they do get compensation.
British Dictionary definitions for red

red1

/rɛd/
noun
1.
any of a group of colours, such as that of a ripe tomato or fresh blood, that lie at one end of the visible spectrum, next to orange, and are perceived by the eye when light in the approximate wavelength range 740–620 nanometres falls on the retina. Red is the complementary colour of cyan and forms a set of primary colours with blue and green related adjectives rubicund ruddy
2.
a pigment or dye of or producing these colours
3.
red cloth or clothing: dressed in red
4.
a red ball in snooker, billiards, etc
5.
(in roulette and other gambling games) one of two colours on which players may place even bets, the other being black
6.
(archery) Also called inner. a red ring on a target, between the blue and the gold, scoring seven points
7.
(informal) in the red, in debit; owing money
8.
(informal) see red, to become very angry
adjective redder, reddest
9.
of the colour red
10.
reddish in colour or having parts or marks that are reddish: red hair, red deer
11.
having the face temporarily suffused with blood, being a sign of anger, shame, etc
12.
(of the complexion) rosy; florid
13.
(of the eyes) bloodshot
14.
(of the hands) stained with blood, as after committing murder
15.
bloody or violent: red revolution
16.
(of wine) made from black grapes and coloured by their skins
17.
denoting the highest degree of urgency in an emergency; used by the police and the army and informally (esp in the phrase red alert)
18.
(US) relating to, supporting, or representing the Republican Party Compare blue (sense 24)
verb reds, redding, redded
19.
another word for redden
Derived Forms
redly, adverb
redness, noun
Word Origin
Old English rēad; compare Old High German rōt, Gothic rauths, Latin ruber, Greek eruthros, Sanskrit rohita

red2

/rɛd/
verb reds, redding, red, redded
1.
(transitive) a variant spelling of redd1

Red

/rɛd/
adjective
1.
Communist, Socialist, or Soviet
2.
radical, leftist, or revolutionary
noun
3.
a member or supporter of a Communist or Socialist Party or a national of a state having such a government, esp the former Soviet Union
4.
a radical, leftist, or revolutionary
Word Origin
C19: from the colour chosen to symbolize revolutionary socialism

redd1

/rɛd/
verb redds, redding, redd, redded
1.
(transitive) often foll by up. to bring order to; tidy (up)
noun
2.
the act or an instance of redding
Derived Forms
redder, noun
Word Origin
C15 redden to clear, perhaps a variant of rid

grange

/ɡreɪndʒ/
noun
1.
(mainly Brit) a farm, esp a farmhouse or country house with its various outbuildings
2.
(history) an outlying farmhouse in which a religious establishment or feudal lord stored crops and tithes in kind
3.
(archaic) a granary or barn
Word Origin
C13: from Anglo-French graunge, from Medieval Latin grānica, from Latin grānumgrain

Grange

/ɡreɪndʒ/
noun (in the US)
1.
the Grange, an association of farmers that strongly influenced state legislatures in the late 19th century
2.
a lodge of this association

Auerbach

/ˈaʊəˌbɑːk/
noun
1.
Frank (Helmuth). born 1931, British painter, born in Germany, noted esp for his use of impasto

r

/ɑː/
noun (pl) r's, R's, Rs
1.
the 18th letter and 14th consonant of the modern English alphabet
2.
a speech sound represented by this letter, in English usually an alveolar semivowel, as in red
3.
See three Rs

R

symbol
1.
(chem) radical
2.
(currency)
  1. rand
  2. rupee
3.
Réaumur temperature (scale)
4.
(physics, electronics) resistance
5.
roentgen or röntgen
6.
(chess) rook
7.
Royal
8.
(chem) gas constant
9.
(in the US and Australia)
  1. restricted exhibition (used to describe a category of film certified as unsuitable for viewing by anyone under the age of 18)
  2. (as modifier): an R film

Skelton

/ˈskɛltən/
noun
1.
John. ?1460–1529, English poet celebrated for his short rhyming lines using the rhythms of colloquial speech
Derived Forms
Skeltonic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for red
adj.

Old English read "red," from Proto-Germanic *rauthaz (cf. Old Norse rauðr, Danish rød, Old Saxon rod, Old Frisian rad, Middle Dutch root, Dutch rood, German rot, Gothic rauþs). As a noun from mid-13c.

The Germanic words are from PIE root *reudh- "red, ruddy" (cf. Latin ruber, also dialectal rufus "light red," mostly of hair; Greek erythros; Sanskrit rudhira-; Avestan raoidita-; Old Church Slavonic rudru, Polish rumiany, Russian rumjanyj "flushed, red," of complexions, etc.; Lithuanian raudas; Old Irish ruad, Welsh rhudd, Breton ruz "red"). The only color for which a definite common PIE root word has been found. The initial -e- in the Greek word is because Greek tends to avoid beginning words with -r-.

Along with dead, bread (n.), lead (n.1), the vowel shortened in Middle English. The surname Read/Reid retains the original Old English long vowel pronunciation and is the corresponding surname to Brown-, Black, White.

The color designation of Native Americans in English from 1580s. The color as characteristic of "British possessions" on a map is attested from 1885. Red-white-and-blue in reference to American patriotism, from the colors of the flag, is from 1840; in a British context, in reference to the Union flag, 1852. The red flag was used as a symbol of defiance in battle on land or sea from c.1600. To see red "get angry" is an American English expression first recorded 1898. Red rover, the children's game, attested from 1891. Red light as a sign to stop is from 1849, long before traffic signals. As the sign of a brothel, it is attested from 1899. As a children's game (in reference to the traffic light meaning) it is recorded from 1953.

Red-letter day (late 14c.) was originally a saint's day, marked on church calendars in red letters. Red ball signifying "express" in railroad jargon is 1904, originally (1899) a system of moving and tracking freight cars. Red dog, type of U.S. football pass rush, is recorded from 1959. Red meat is from 1808. Red shift in spectography is first recorded 1923. Red carpet "sumptuous welcome" is from 1934, but the custom for dignitaries is described as far back as Aeschylus ("Agamemnon"); it also was the name of a type of English moth.

"Bolshevik," 1917, from red (adj.1), the color they adopted for themselves. Association in Europe of red with revolutionary politics (on notion of blood and violence) is from at least 1297, but got a boost 1793 with adoption of the red Phrygian cap (French bonnet rouge) as symbol of the French Revolution. First specific political reference in English was 1848 (adj.), in news reports of the Second French Republic (a.k.a. Red Republic). Red China is from 1934. The noun meaning "radical, communist" is from 1851.

grange

n.

"small farm," mid-15c.; mid-13c. in place names (and cf. granger), from Anglo-French graunge, Old French grange "barn, granary; farmstead, farm house" (12c.), from Medieval Latin or Vulgar Latin granica "barn or shed for keeping grain," from Latin granum "grain" (see corn (n.1)). Sense evolved to "outlying farm" (late 14c.), then "country house" (1550s). Meaning "local lodge of the Patrons of Husbandry" (a U.S. agricultural interest promotion organization) is from 1867.

R

In a circle, meaning "registered (trademark)," first incorporated in U.S. statues 1946. Three Rs (1825) said to have been given as a toast by Sir W. Curtis (1752-1829). R&R "rest and relaxation," first recorded 1953, American English; R&B "rhythm and blues" (type of popular music) first attested 1949, American English.

If all our r's that are written are pronounced, the sound is more common than any other in English utterance (over seven per cent.); the instances of occurrence before a vowel, and so of universal pronunciation, are only half as frequent. There are localities where the normal vibration of the tip of the tongue is replaced by one of the uvula, making a guttural trill, which is still more entitled to the name of "dog's letter" than is the ordinary r; such are considerable parts of France and Germany; the sound appears to occur only sporadically in English pronunciation. [Century Dictionary]



The moment we encounter the added r's of purp or dorg in our reading we know that we have to do with humor, and so with school-marm. The added consonants are supposed to be spoken, if the words are uttered, but, as a matter of fact, they are less often uttered than seen. The words are, indeed, largely visual forms; the humor is chiefly for the eye. [Louise Pound, "The Humorous 'R,'" "American Mercury," October 1924]
She goes on to note that in British humorous writing, -ar "popularly indicates the sound of the vowel in father" and formations like larf (for laugh) "are to be read with the broad vowel but no uttered r." She also quotes Henry James on the characteristic prominence of the medial -r- sound (which tends to be dropped in England and New England) in the speech of the U.S. Midwest, "under some strange impulse received toward consonantal recovery of balance, making it present even in words from which it is absent, bringing it in everywhere as with the small vulgar effect of a sort of morose grinding of the back teeth."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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red in Medicine

r abbr.
racemic

R abbr.

  1. radical (usually an alkyl or aryl group)

  2. respiration

  3. respiratory exchange ratio

  4. or r roentgen

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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red in Science
r  
Abbreviation of radius
R  
The symbol for resistance.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for red

red

adjective

Intoxicated with narcotics, esp with marijuana; high (1990s+ Narcotics)

noun

Chili con carne: places to consider when I need a bowl of red (1990s+)

Related Terms

in the red, mexican red, paint the town red, see red


Red

n,n phr

Seconal2, a barbiturate capsule: dropping Reds and busting heads (1960s+ Narcotics)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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red in Technology

(Or "REDL") A language proposed by Intermetrics to meet the Ironman requirements which led to Ada.
["On the RED Language Submitted to the DoD", E.W. Dijkstra, SIGPLAN Notices 13(10):27 (Oct 1978)].
["RED Language Reference Manual", J. Nestor and M. van Deusen, Intermetrics 1979].
(1995-01-19)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Related Abbreviations for red

r

  1. correlation coefficient
  2. radius
  3. resistance

R

  1. gas constant
  2. radical
  3. rain
  4. range
  5. Réaumur
  6. receiver
  7. registered trademark
  8. Republican
  9. response
  10. restricted (children under 17 must be accompanied by a parent or guardian)
  11. right
  12. roentgen
  13. rook
  14. run
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with red

R

see: three R's
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for red

R

unit of X-radiation or gamma radiation, the amount that will produce, under normal conditions of pressure, temperature, and humidity, in 1 kg (2.2 lbs) of air, an amount of positive or negative ionization equal to 2.58104 coulomb. It is named for the German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen. See also rem.

Learn more about R with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Word Value for red

4
4
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