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refined

[ri-fahynd] /rɪˈfaɪnd/
adjective
1.
having or showing well-bred feeling, taste, etc.:
refined people.
2.
freed or free from coarseness, vulgarity, etc.:
refined taste.
3.
freed from impurities:
refined sugar.
4.
very subtle, precise, or exact:
refined distinctions.
Origin
1565-1575
1565-75; refine + -ed2
Related forms
refinedly
[ri-fahy-nid-lee, -fahynd-] /rɪˈfaɪ nɪd li, -ˈfaɪnd-/ (Show IPA),
adverb
refinedness, noun
half-refined, adjective
nonrefined, adjective
quasi-refined, adjective
semirefined, adjective
superrefined, adjective
ultrarefined, adjective
well-refined, adjective
Synonyms
1. cultivated, polished, polite, courteous, civilized, courtly, genteel, elegant. 3. clarified, distilled, purified.
Antonyms
1. rude, coarse, crude.

refine

[ri-fahyn] /rɪˈfaɪn/
verb (used with object), refined, refining.
1.
to bring to a fine or a pure state; free from impurities:
to refine metal, sugar, or petroleum.
2.
to purify from what is coarse, vulgar, or debasing; make elegant or cultured.
3.
to bring to a finer state or form by purifying.
4.
to make more fine, subtle, or precise:
to refine one's writing style.
verb (used without object), refined, refining.
5.
to become pure:
The silver is refining in the furnace.
6.
to become more fine, elegant, or polished:
His parents hope that his manners will refine as he gets older.
7.
to make fine distinctions in thought or language.
Verb phrases
8.
refine on/upon, to improve by inserting finer distinctions, superior elements, etc.:
to refine on one's previous work.
Origin
1575-85; re- + fine1
Related forms
refinable, adjective
refiner, noun
prerefine, verb (used with object), prerefined, prerefining.
self-refining, adjective
superrefine, verb (used with object), superrefined, superrefining.
unrefining, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for refined
  • Relying on chemistry instead of torque and heat, the relaxer seemed more worldly, more civilized and refined.
  • Many recipes were tested and refined in royal palaces.
  • Today's best practices must continually be refined and re-examined.
  • It is all refined speech with some super refined references thrown in.
  • The rocket will soon be set to launch, and the team will discover if a refined type of alcohol can fuel a rocket into the air.
  • Not food products made from heavily processed and refined grains and legumes that our ancient ancestors didn't eat.
  • And yet-listened to over and over again-the voice does begin to sound refined.
  • Sometimes these aged flavors are gorgeous and refined.
  • Moreover, resolution of pictures from areas of interest can be refined and improved.
  • refined wheat is present in ordinary diets as enriched wheat flour, a white flour from which the fiber-rich bran has been removed.
British Dictionary definitions for refined

refined

/rɪˈfaɪnd/
adjective
1.
not coarse or vulgar; genteel, elegant, or polite
2.
subtle; discriminating
3.
freed from impurities; purified

refine

/rɪˈfaɪn/
verb
1.
to make or become free from impurities, sediment, or other foreign matter; purify
2.
(transitive) to separate (a mixture) into pure constituents, as in an oil refinery
3.
to make or become free from coarse characteristics; make or become elegant or polished
4.
(transitive) often foll by out. to remove (something impure or extraneous)
5.
(intransitive; often foll by on or upon) to enlarge or improve (upon) by making subtle or fine distinctions
6.
(transitive) to make (language) more subtle or polished
Derived Forms
refinable, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from re- + fine1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for refined
adj.

1570s, "subtle;" 1580s, "elegant;" 1590s, "purified," past participle adjective from refine (v.).

refine

v.

1580s, of metals, c.1590 of manners, from re-, intensive prefix, + obsolete fine (v.) "make fine," from fine (adj.) "delicate." Cf. French raffiner, Italian raffinare, Spanish refinar. General and figurative sense is recorded from 1590s; of sugar, from 1610s. Related: Refined; refining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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refined in Medicine

refine re·fine (rĭ-fīn')
v. re·fined, re·fin·ing, re·fines
To reduce to a pure state; purify.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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