rout

1 [rout]
noun
1.
a defeat attended with disorderly flight; dispersal of a defeated force in complete disorder: to put an army to rout; to put reason to rout.
2.
any overwhelming defeat: a rout of the home team by the state champions.
3.
a tumultuous or disorderly crowd of persons.
4.
the rabble or mob.
5.
Law. a disturbance of the public peace by three or more persons acting together in a manner that suggests an intention to riot although they do not actually carry out the intention.
6.
a large, formal evening party or social gathering.
7.
Archaic. a company or band of people.
verb (used with object)
8.
to disperse in defeat and disorderly flight: to rout an army.
9.
to defeat decisively: to rout an opponent in conversation.

Origin:
1200–50; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French rute, Old French route a fraction, detachment < Latin rupta, feminine past participle of rumpere to break; (v.) derivative of the noun


3. swarm, horde. 9. overwhelm, overcome, subdue.
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rout

2 [rout]
verb (used without object)
1.
to root: pigs routing in the garden.
2.
to poke, search, or rummage.
verb (used with object)
3.
to turn over or dig up (something) with the snout.
4.
to find or get by searching, rummaging, etc. (usually followed by out ).
5.
to cause to rise from bed (often followed by up or out ).
6.
to force or drive out.
7.
to hollow out or furrow, as with a scoop, gouge, or machine.

Origin:
1540–50; alteration of root2; compare Middle Dutch ruten to root out

rout

3 [rout]
verb (used without object) Archaic.
to snore.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English routen, Old English hrūtan; cognate with Old High German hrūzan

rout

4 [rout, root] Chiefly British Dialect.
verb (used without object), verb (used with object)
1.
to bellow; roar.
noun
2.
a bellow.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English rowten < Old Norse rauta to bellow; akin to Latin rudere

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
rout1 (raʊt)
 
n
1.  an overwhelming defeat
2.  a disorderly retreat
3.  a noisy rabble
4.  law a group of three or more people proceeding to commit an illegal act
5.  archaic a large party or social gathering
 
vb
6.  (tr) to defeat and cause to flee in confusion
 
[C13: from Anglo-Norman rute, from Old French: disorderly band, from Latin ruptus broken, from rumpere to burst; see route]

rout2 (raʊt)
 
vb (usually foll by out) (often foll by out)
1.  to dig over or turn up (something), esp (of an animal) with the snout; root
2.  (tr; usually foll by out or up) to get or find by searching
3.  to force or drive out: they routed him out of bed at midnight
4.  to hollow or gouge out
5.  (intr) to search, poke, or rummage
 
[C16: variant of root²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

rout
1598, "disorderly retreat," from M.Fr. route "disorderly flight of troops," lit. "a breaking off, rupture," from V.L. rupta "a dispersed group," lit. "a broken group," from L. rupta, fem. pp. of rumpere "to break" (see rupture). The verb is from 1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In some countries with big deficits, the fear of a bond-market rout is forcing rapid action.
The conflict is one which certainly cannot be terminated by the utter rout of the actor profession.
He and his party were thanked with a rout at the polls last year.
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