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S, s

[es] /ɛs/
noun, plural S's or Ss, s's or ss.
1.
the 19th letter of the English alphabet, a consonant.
2.
any spoken sound represented by the letter S or s, as in saw, sense, or goose.
3.
something having the shape of an S .
4.
a written or printed representation of the letter S or s.
5.
a device, as a printer's type, for reproducing the letter S or s.

S

2.
3.
4.
5.
Electricity, siemens.
6.
7.
8.
9.
soft.
10.
Music. soprano.
11.
12.
13.
state (highway).
14.
Grammar, subject.

S

Symbol.
1.
the 19th in order or in a series, or, when I is omitted, the 18th.
2.
(sometimes lowercase) the medieval Roman numeral for 7 or 70.
Compare Roman numerals.
3.
4.
Biochemistry, serine.
5.
Thermodynamics, entropy.
6.
Physics. strangeness.
7.

s

2.
3.
4.
soft.
5.

s

Symbol.
1.

's1

1.
an ending used in writing to represent the possessive morpheme after most singular nouns, some plural nouns, especially those not ending in a letter or combination of letters representing an s or z sound, noun phrases, and noun substitutes, as in man's, women's, baby's, James's, witness's, (or witness'), king of England's, or anyone's.
Origin
Middle English -es, Old English

's2

1.
contraction of is:
She's here.
2.
contraction of does:
What's he do for a living now?
3.
contraction of has:
He's just gone.
Usage note

's3

Archaic.
1.
a contraction of God's, as in 'swounds; 'sdeath; 'sblood.

's4

1.
a contraction of us, as in Let's go.
Usage note

's5

1.
a contraction of as, as in so's to get there on time.

-s1

1.
a native English suffix used in the formation of adverbs:
always; betimes; needs; unawares.
Compare -ways.
Origin
Middle English -es, Old English; ultimately identical with 's1

-s2

1.
an ending marking the third person singular indicative active of verbs:
walks.
Origin
Middle English (north) -(e)s, Old English (north); orig. ending of 2nd person singular, as in Latin and Greek; replacing Middle English, Old English -eth -eth1

-s3

1.
an ending marking nouns as plural (boys; wolves), occurring also on nouns that have no singular (dregs; entrails; pants; scissors), or on nouns that have a singular with a different meaning (clothes; glasses; manners; thanks). The pluralizing value of -s3, is weakened or lost in a number of nouns that now often take singular agreement, as the names of games (billiards; checkers; tiddlywinks) and of diseases (measles; mumps; pox; rickets); the latter use has been extended to create informal names for a variety of involuntary conditions, physical or mental (collywobbles; d.t.'s; giggles; hots; willies). A parallel set of formations, where -s3, has no plural value, are adjectives denoting socially unacceptable or inconvenient states (bananas; bonkers; crackers; nuts; preggers; starkers);
cf. -ers.
Also, -es.
Origin
Middle English -(e)s, Old English -as, plural nominative and accusative ending of some masculine nouns

-s4

1.
a suffix of hypocoristic nouns, generally proper names or forms used only in address:
Babs; Fats; Suzykins; Sweetums; Toodles.
Origin
probably from the metonymic use of nouns formed with -s3, as boots or Goldilocks

S.1

1.
(in prescriptions) mark; write; label.
Origin
< Latin signa

S.2

1.
(in prescriptions) let it be written.
Origin
< Latin signētur

S.3

1.
Origin
< Latin socius

S.4

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
(in Austria) schilling; schillings.
6.
7.
Sea.
8.
9.
10.
shilling; shillings.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
sol3 (def 1).
16.
17.
18.
(in Ecuador) sucre; sucres.
19.

s.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
see.
6.
7.
shilling; shillings.
8.
sign.
9.
signed.
10.
11.
12.
sire.
13.
14.
15.
son.
16.
17.
18.
19.
stem.
20.
stem of.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for s
  • Is the net current that penetrates through the surface s, both bound and free.
  • sailor moon s the movie is the second of three theatrically released sailor moon movies.
  • several species are cultivated, including three globally important food crops tomato, s.
  • External links a chapter on conscience from parenting for everyone, by s.
British Dictionary definitions for s

s

symbol
1.
second (of time)

s

/ɛs/
noun (pl) s's, S's, Ss
1.
the 19th letter and 15th consonant of the modern English alphabet
2.
a speech sound represented by this letter, usually an alveolar fricative, either voiceless, as in sit, or voiced, as in dogs
3.
  1. something shaped like an S
  2. (in combination) an S-bend in a road

S

symbol
1.
satisfactory
2.
Society
3.
small (size)
4.
South
5.
(chem) sulphur
6.
(physics)
  1. entropy
  2. siemens
  3. strangeness
7.
(currency)
  1. (the former) schilling
  2. sol
  3. (the former) sucre
abbreviation
8.
Sweden (international car registration)

s.

abbreviation
1.
see
2.
semi-
3.
shilling
4.
singular
5.
son
6.
succeeded

S.

abbreviation
1.
(pl) SS. Saint
2.
school
3.
Sea
4.
Signor
5.
Society
Word Origin
Latin socius

-s1

suffix
1.
forming the plural of most nouns boys, boxes
Word Origin
from Old English -as, plural nominative and accusative ending of some masculine nouns

-s2

suffix
1.
forming the third person singular present indicative tense of verbs he runs, she washes
Word Origin
from Old English (northern dialect) -es, -s, originally the ending of the second person singular

-s3

suffix
1.
forming nicknames and names expressing affection or familiarity Fats, Fingers, ducks
Word Origin
special use of -s1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for s

's

suffix forming the possessive singular case of most Modern English nouns, its use gradually was extended in Middle English from Old English -es, the most common genitive inflection of masculine and neuter nouns (cf. dæg "day," genitive dæges "day's").

Old English also had genitives in -e, -re, -an, as well as "mutation-genitives" (cf. boc "book," plural bec), and the -es form never was used in plural (where -a, -ra, -na prevailed), thus avoiding the verbal ambiguity of words like kings'.

In Middle English, both the possessive singular and the common plural forms were regularly spelled es, and when the e was dropped in pronunciation and from the written word, the habit grew up of writing an apostrophe in place of the lost e in the possessive singular to distinguish it from the plural. Later the apostrophe, which had come to be looked upon as the sign of the possessive, was carried over into the plural, but was written after the s to differentiate that form from the possessive singular. By a process of popular interpretation, the 's was supposed to be a contraction for his, and in some cases the his was actually "restored." [Samuel C. Earle, et al, "Sentences and their Elements," New York: Macmillan, 1911]
As a suffix forming some adverbs, it represents the genitive singular ending of Old English masculine and neuter nouns and some adjectives.

-s

suffix forming almost all Modern English plural nouns, gradually extended in Middle English from Old English -as, the nominative plural and accusative plural ending of certain "strong" masculine nouns (cf. dæg "day," nominative/accusative plural dagas "days"). The commonest Germanic declension, traceable back to the original PIE inflection system, it is also the source of the Dutch -s plurals and (by rhotacism) Scandinavian -r plurals (e.g. Swedish dagar).

Much more uniform today than originally; Old English also had a numerous category of "weak" nouns that formed their plurals in -an, and other strong nouns that formed plurals with -u. Quirk and Wrenn, in their Old English grammar, estimate that 45 percent of the nouns a student will encounter will be masculine, nearly four-fifths of them with genitive singular -es and nominative/accusative plural in -as. Less than half, but still the largest chunk.

The triumphs of -'s possessives and -s plurals represent common patterns in language: using only a handful of suffixes to do many jobs (e.g. -ing), and the most common variant squeezing out the competition. To further muddy the waters, it's been extended in slang since 1936 to singulars (e.g. ducks, sweets, babes) as an affectionate or diminutive suffix.

Old English single-syllable collectives (sheep, folk) as well as weights, measures, and units of time did not use -s. The use of it in these cases began in Middle English, but the older custom is preserved in many traditional dialects (ten pound of butter; more than seven year ago; etc.).

third person singular present indicative suffix of verbs, it represents Old English -es, -as, which began to replace -eð in Northumbrian 10c., and gradually spread south until by Shakespeare's time it had emerged from colloquialism and -eth began to be limited to more dignified speeches.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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s in Medicine

s abbr.

  1. Latin semis (half)

  2. Latin sinister (left)

S
The symbol for the element sulfur.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
s in Science
s  
  1. Abbreviation of second (of time), second (of an arc)

  2. The symbol for strangeness.


S  
The symbol for sulfur.
sulfur also sulphur
  (sŭl'fər)   
Symbol S
A pale-yellow, brittle nonmetallic element that occurs widely in nature, especially in volcanic deposits, minerals, natural gas, and petroleum. It is used to make gunpowder and fertilizer, to vulcanize rubber, and to produce sulfuric acid. Atomic number 16; atomic weight 32.066; melting point (rhombic) 112.8°C; (monoclinic) 119.0°C; boiling point 444.6°C; specific gravity (rhombic) 2.07; (monoclinic) 1.957; valence 2, 4, 6. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for s

-s

suffix

used to form singular nouns A diminutive or affectionate version of what is indicated, used as a term of address: babes/ ducks/ moms/ sweets (1936+ in ducks)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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s in Technology

language
A statistical analysis language from AT&T.
["S: An Interactive Environment for Data Analysis and Graphics", Richard A. Becker, Wadsworth 1984].
(1997-01-21)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Related Abbreviations for s

s

  1. second
  2. second
  3. split
  4. stere
  5. strange quark

S

  1. entropy
  2. safety
  3. Samuel
  4. satisfactory
  5. Saturday
  6. Senate
  7. send (shortwave transmission)
  8. sentence
  9. sexual [situations] (television rating)
  10. siemens
  11. single (as in personal ads)
  12. small
  13. smoking section
  14. soprano
  15. south
  16. southern
  17. straight (as in personal ads)
  18. strike
  19. sulfur
  20. Sunday
  21. sunny
  22. superior
  23. Sweden (international vehicle ID)

s.

  1. shilling
  2. singular
  3. sire
  4. solo
  5. son
  6. substantive

S.

  1. saint
  2. sea
  3. signature
  4. signor
  5. signore
  6. statute
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Encyclopedia Article for s

second

fundamental unit of time, now defined in terms of the radiation frequency at which atoms of the element cesium change from one state to another.

Learn more about second with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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