scurvy

[skur-vee]
noun
1.
Pathology. a disease marked by swollen and bleeding gums, livid spots on the skin, prostration, etc., due to a diet lacking in vitamin C.
adjective, scurvier, scurviest.
2.
contemptible; despicable; mean: a scurvy trick.

Origin:
1555–65; scurf + -y1

scurvily, adverb
scurviness, noun

scurfy, scurvy.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
scurvy (ˈskɜːvɪ)
 
n
1.  a disease caused by a lack of vitamin C, characterized by anaemia, spongy gums, bleeding beneath the skin, and (in infants) malformation of bones and teethRelated: scorbutic
 
adj , -vier, -viest
2.  mean or despicable: a scurvy knave
 
Related: scorbutic
 
[C16: see scurf]
 
'scurvily
 
adv
 
'scurviness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

scurvy
c.1565, noun use of adj. scurvy (c.1425), variant of scurfy (see scurf). It took on the meaning of Du. scheurbuik, Fr. scorbut "scurvy," the disease characterized by swollen and bleeding gums, prostration, etc., perhaps from O.N. skyrbjugr, perhaps lit. "a swelling (bjugr)
from drinking sour milk (skyr) on long sea voyages;" but OED has alternative etymology of M.Du. or M.L.G. origin, as "disease that lacerates the belly," from schoren "to lacerate" + M.L.G. buk, Du. buik "belly."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

scurvy scur·vy (skûr'vē)
n.
A disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C and characterized by spongy bleeding gums, bleeding under the skin, and weakness.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
scurvy   (skûr'vē)  Pronunciation Key 
A disease caused by vitamin C deficiency, characterized by bleeding of the gums, rupture of capillaries under the skin, loose teeth, and generalized weakness.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
They developed pain medicines, birth-control drugs, and treatment for scurvy.
The lack of fruits or vegetables often led to outbreaks of scurvy and other diseases.
The first wrappers, purely utilitarian, were used to protect the oranges carried by ships to prevent scurvy.
Rebound scurvy can occur after abrupt withdrawal from long-term large doses.
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