9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[stren-yoo-uh s] /ˈstrɛn yu əs/
characterized by vigorous exertion, as action, efforts, life, etc.:
a strenuous afternoon of hunting.
demanding or requiring vigorous exertion; laborious:
To think deeply is a strenuous task.
vigorous, energetic, or zealously active:
a strenuous person; a strenuous intellect.
Origin of strenuous
1590-1600; < Latin strēnuus; see -ous
Related forms
strenuously, adverb
strenuousness, strenuosity
[stren-yoo-os-i-tee] /ˌstrɛn yuˈɒs ɪ ti/ (Show IPA),
quasi-strenuous, adjective
quasi-strenuously, adverb
superstrenuous, adjective
superstrenuously, adverb
superstrenuousness, noun
unstrenuous, adjective
unstrenuously, adverb
unstrenuousness, noun
3. forceful. See active.
2. easy. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for strenuously
  • Anglers strenuously objected to having such prized fishing grounds declared off-limits.
  • Already, car companies have begun to argue strenuously against any grades.
  • Even if all does not collapse, get ready for some strenuously healthy living.
  • Failing to regulate for-profit admissions and financial aid strenuously hurts poor people.
  • The airlines objected strenuously on the grounds that bag matching would add significant delay to boarding procedures.
  • It was a matter that the campaign tried strenuously to deny.
  • He must fight strenuously to escape it, and the tendency of the bunker is always to pull him back.
  • Military technologists will strenuously resist the enactment of any such program.
  • The surgeon has eight years of education and is strenuously selected prior to ever performing his first surgery.
  • We object even more strenuously to the use of that noxious power arbitrarily.
British Dictionary definitions for strenuously


requiring or involving the use of great energy or effort
characterized by great activity, effort, or endeavour
Derived Forms
strenuosity (ˌstrɛnjʊˈɒsɪtɪ), strenuousness, noun
strenuously, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Latin strēnuus brisk, vigorous
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for strenuously



"characterized by great effort," 1590s, from Latin strenuus "active, vigorous, keen." Probably cognate with Greek strenes, strenos "keen, strong," strenos "arrogance, eager desire," Old English stierne "hard, severe, keen" (see stern (adj.)). Mocked by Ben Jonson as a pedantic neologism in "Poetaster" (1601). Sense of "requiring much energy" is first recorded 1670s. Related: Strenuously; strenuousness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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