sturdily

sturdy

1 [stur-dee]
adjective, sturdier, sturdiest.
1.
strongly built; stalwart; robust: sturdy young athletes.
2.
strong, as in substance, construction, or texture: sturdy walls.
3.
firm; courageous; indomitable: the sturdy defenders of the Alamo.
4.
of strong or hardy growth, as a plant.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English stourdi < Old French estourdi dazed, stunned, violent, reckless (past participle of estourdir < ?)

sturdily, adverb
sturdiness, noun
unsturdily, adverb
unsturdiness, noun


1. hardy, muscular, brawny, sinewy, stout, strong, powerful. 3. resolute, vigorous, determined, unconquerable.


1. weak.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sturdy1 (ˈstɜːdɪ)
 
adj , -dier, -diest
1.  healthy, strong, and vigorous
2.  strongly built; stalwart
 
[C13 (in the sense: rash, harsh): from Old French estordi dazed, from estordir to stun, perhaps ultimately related to Latin turdus a thrush (taken as representing drunkenness)]
 
'sturdily1
 
adv
 
'sturdiness1
 
n

sturdy2 (ˈstɜːdɪ)
 
n
vet science staggers another name for gid
 
[C17: from sturdy1 (in the obsolete sense: giddy)]
 
'sturdied2
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

sturdy
c.1300, "hard to manage, reckless, violent," from O.Fr. estourdi "violent," originally "dazed," pp. of estourdir "to daze," from V.L. *exturdire, which is presumed to be from L. intensive prefix ex + turdus "thrush." Perhaps the notion is of thrushes eating leftover grapes at wineries and acting drunk
(It. tordo "thrush" also means "simpleton," and Fr. has the expression soûl comme une grive "drunk as a thrush"). OED, however, regards all this as "open to grave objection." Sense of "solidly built, strong and hardy" first recorded late 14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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