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syncretism

[sing-kri-tiz-uh m, sin-] /ˈsɪŋ krɪˌtɪz əm, ˈsɪn-/
noun
1.
the attempted reconciliation or union of different or opposing principles, practices, or parties, as in philosophy or religion.
2.
Grammar. the merging, as by historical change in a language, of two or more categories in a specified environment into one, as, in nonstandard English, the use of was with both singular and plural subjects, while in standard English was is used with singular subjects (except for you in the second person singular) and were with plural subjects.
Origin
1610-1620
1610-20; < Neo-Latin syncretismus < Greek synkrētismós union of Cretans, i.e., a united front of two opposing parties against a common foe, derivative of synkrēt(ízein) to syncretize + -ismos -ism
Related forms
syncretic
[sin-kret-ik] /sɪnˈkrɛt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
syncretical, syncretistic
[sing-kri-tis-tik, sin-] /ˌsɪŋ krɪˈtɪs tɪk, ˌsɪn-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
syncretist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for syncretism
  • But this was a land where orthodoxy has historically been bested by the easy joys of syncretism.
  • Decades of syncretism have created all sorts of hybrids.
  • She is the ultimate indicator of syncretism, the conciliation of conflicting models of belief.
British Dictionary definitions for syncretism

syncretism

/ˈsɪŋkrɪˌtɪzəm/
noun
1.
the tendency to syncretize
2.
the historical tendency of languages to reduce their use of inflection, as in the development of Old English with all its case endings into Modern English
Derived Forms
syncretic (sɪŋˈkrɛtɪk), syncretistic, adjective
syncretist, noun
Word Origin
C17: from New Latin syncrētismus, from Greek sunkrētismos alliance of Cretans, from sunkrētizein to join forces (in the manner of the Cretan towns), from syn- + Krēs a Cretan
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for syncretism
n.

"reconciliation of different beliefs," 1610s, from Modern Latin syncretismus (David Pareus, 1615), from Greek synkretismos "union of communities," from synkretizein "to combine against a common enemy," from syn- "together" (see syn-) + second element of uncertain origin. One theory connects it with kretismos "lying," from kretizein "to lie like a Cretan;" another connects it with the stem of kerannynai "to mix, blend;" krasis "mixture."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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