turbot

turbot

[tur-buht]
noun, plural (especially collectively) turbot (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) turbots.
1.
a European flatfish, Psetta maxima, having a diamond-shaped body: valued as a food fish.
2.
any of several other flatfishes.
3.
a triggerfish.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English turbut < Anglo-French; Old French tourbot < Medieval Latin turb(ō) turbot (Latin: top; apparently applied to the fish because of its outline; see turbine, turbit) + Old French -ot noun suffix

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World English Dictionary
turbot (ˈtɜːbət)
 
n , pl -bot, -bots
1.  a European flatfish, Scophthalmus maximus, having a pale brown speckled scaleless body covered with tubercles: family Bothidae. It is highly valued as a food fish
2.  any of various similar or related fishes
 
[C13: from Old French tourbot, from Medieval Latin turbō, from Latin: spinning top, from a fancied similarity in shape; see turbit, turbine]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

turbot
"large flat fish," c.1300, from O.Fr. turbut (12c.), probably from a Scand. source (cf. O.Swed. törnbut, from törn "thorn" + but "flatfish;" see halibut). But OED says of uncertain origin and speculates on a connection to L. turbo "spinning top."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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