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turmoil

[tur-moil] /ˈtɜr mɔɪl/
noun
1.
a state of great commotion, confusion, or disturbance; tumult; agitation; disquiet:
mental turmoil caused by difficult decisions.
2.
Obsolete. harassing labor.
Origin of turmoil
1505-1515
1505-15; orig. as v.: to agitate; etymology uncertain; perhaps tur(n) + moil
Synonyms
1. turbulence, disorder, uproar. See agitation.
Antonyms
1. order, quiet.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for turmoil

turmoil

/ˈtɜːmɔɪl/
noun
1.
violent or confused movement; agitation; tumult
verb
2.
(archaic) to make or become turbulent
Word Origin
C16: perhaps from turn + moil
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for turmoil
n.

1520s, perhaps an alteration of Middle French tremouille "mill hopper," in reference to the hopper's constant motion to and fro, from Latin trimodia "vessel containing three modii," from modius, a Roman dry measure, related to modus "measure." Attested earlier in English as a verb (1510s), though this now is obsolete.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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