Tuscan

Tuscan

[tuhs-kuhn]
adjective
1.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Tuscany, its people, or their dialect.
2.
Architecture. noting or pertaining to one of the five classical orders: developed in Rome, it is basically a simplified Roman Doric, with unfluted columns and with no decoration other than moldings. See illus. under order, Compare composite ( def 3 ), Corinthian ( def 2 ), Doric ( def 3 ), Ionic ( def 1 ).
noun
3.
the standard literary form of the Italian language.
4.
any Italian dialect of Tuscany.
5.
a native of Tuscany.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin Tuscānus Etruscan, equivalent to Tusc(ī) the Etruscans + -ānus -an

non-Tuscan, adjective, noun

Texan, Tucson, Tuscan.
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World English Dictionary
Tuscan (ˈtʌskən)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to Tuscany, its inhabitants, or their dialect of Italian
2.  Ionic composite Doric See also Corinthian of, denoting, or relating to one of the five classical orders of architecture: characterized by a column with an unfluted shaft and a capital and base with mouldings but no decoration
 
n
3.  a native or inhabitant of Tuscany
4.  any of the dialects of Italian spoken in Tuscany, esp the dialect of Florence: the standard form of Italian

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Word Origin & History

Tuscan
late 14c., from It. Toscano, from L.L. Tuscanus "belonging to the Tusci," a race of ancient Italy, from Tuscus, earlier *Truscus, aphetic form of Etruscus (cf. Etruscan).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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