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[uh-breyd] /əˈbreɪd/
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), abraded, abrading.
to wear off or down by scraping or rubbing.
to scrape off.
Origin of abrade
1670-80; < Latin abrādere, equivalent to ab- ab- + rādere to scrape
Related forms
abradable, adjective
abrader, noun
unabraded, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for abrade
  • He hid bits of sandpaper in his wallet so that in a pinch, he could abrade his fingerprints.
  • As streams constantly abrade rocks in their paths, boulders or outcrops tend to be fresher.
  • It is important not to abrade the skin during washing or rinsing.
  • Internal wiring can abrade on metal parts, presenting a risk of electric shock to consumers if the insulation wears through.
  • If maximum recoat time is exceeded, abrade surface before recoating.
  • Such action will work the dirt into the paper fibers, abrade the surfaces of photographs, and possibly result in permanent damage.
  • Plastic switches and push-buttons also need to be replaced as these abrade quickly.
  • It is also easy to abrade the paper and ink surface using these products.
  • Touching the petroglyphs and pictographs can damage the designs by leaving oils behind that abrade the rock.
  • Vehicles with studded tires gouge the pavement and abrade the deck surface.
British Dictionary definitions for abrade


(transitive) to scrape away or wear down by friction; erode
Derived Forms
abradant, noun
abrader, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin abrādere to scrape away, from ab-1 + rādere to scrape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for abrade

1670s, from Latin abradere "to scrape off" (see abrasion). Related: Abraded; abrading.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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abrade in Medicine

abrade a·brade (ə-brād')
v. a·brad·ed, a·brad·ing, a·brades

  1. To wear away by mechanical action.

  2. To scrape away the surface layer from a part.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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