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abrasion

[uh-brey-zhuh n] /əˈbreɪ ʒən/
noun
1.
a scraped spot or area; the result of rubbing or abrading:
abrasions on his leg caused by falling on the gravel.
2.
the act or process of abrading.
Origin
1650-1660
1650-60; < Medieval Latin abrāsiōn- (stem of abrāsiō), equivalent to abrās(us) scraped off (past participle of abrādere; see abrade) + -iōn- -ion
Synonyms
1. sore, scrape, lesion. 2. rubbing, erosion.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for abrasion
  • All partners of academic leaders experience that sort of abrasion in one form or another.
  • Western ascendency will prove to be nothing but an historic abrasion.
  • The highly abrasion resistant polyurethane upper material far outlasts natural leather.
  • It was meant for abrasion on some granite cliff-face, so there's a body armor aspect to it.
  • Generally, mammalian teeth are softer on the inside and tougher on the outside to resist wear and abrasion.
  • The fall left a silver-dollar-size abrasion on his left jaw.
  • It's more beautiful to the touch, more stable to light and temperature and resistant to abrasion.
  • It is oil- and fat-resistant, tough and offers good abrasion and slip resistance.
  • Good for granite: breathable, abrasion-resistant stretch nylon and an inseam gusset.
  • Before the quinoa goes to market, the saponin is removed by washing or by mechanical abrasion.
British Dictionary definitions for abrasion

abrasion

/əˈbreɪʒən/
noun
1.
the process of scraping or wearing down by friction
2.
a scraped area or spot; graze
3.
(geography) the effect of mechanical erosion of rock, esp a river bed, by rock fragments scratching and scraping it; wearing down Compare attrition (sense 4), corrasion
Word Origin
C17: from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, from the past participle of Latin abrādere to abrade
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for abrasion
n.

1650s, from Medieval Latin abrasionem (nominative abrasio) "a scraping," noun of action from past participle stem of Latin abradere "to scrape away, shave off," from ab- "off" (see ab-) + radere "to scrape" (see raze).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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abrasion in Medicine

abrasion a·bra·sion (ə-brā'zhən)
n.

  1. A scraping away of a portion of a surface.

  2. The wearing down or rubbing away or removal of the superficial layers of skin or mucous membrane in a limited area.

  3. The pathological wearing away of tooth substance by mechanical means; grinding.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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abrasion in Science
abrasion
  (ə-brā'zhən)   
  1. The process of wearing away a surface by friction. A rock undergoes abrasion when particles of sand or small pieces of rock are carried across its surface by a glacier, stream, or the wind.

  2. A scraped area on the skin or mucous membranes.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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