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abrupt

[uh-bruhpt] /əˈbrʌpt/
adjective
1.
sudden or unexpected:
an abrupt departure.
2.
curt or brusque in speech, manner, etc.:
an abrupt reply.
3.
terminating or changing suddenly:
an abrupt turn in a road.
4.
having many sudden changes from one subject to another; lacking in continuity or smoothness:
an abrupt writing style.
5.
steep; precipitous:
an abrupt descent.
6.
Botany, truncate (def 4).
Origin
1575-1585
1575-85; < Latin abruptus broken off (past participle of abrumpere), equivalent to ab- ab- + -rup- break + -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
abruptly, adverb
abruptness, noun
unabruptly, adverb
Synonyms
1, 3. quick, sharp. See sudden. 2. short, hurried, hasty, blunt. 4. discontinuous, broken, uneven.
Antonyms
1, 3. gradual. 2. deliberate; patient, courteous.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for abrupt
  • My method for learning student names is abrupt and possibly rude but pretty successful.
  • His abrupt manner in answering correspondence might leave the impression of high-handedness or lack of concern.
  • The sun is out there, over the ocean, until it goes down suddenly and abrupt night sets in.
  • Gradual steps should be taken to avert an abrupt crisis.
  • This abrupt event shows how a relatively small occurrence—such as a slight slide in rainfall—may have a tremendous impact.
  • It draws an abrupt line between urban and rural.
  • For such an abrupt encounter, she looked incredibly relaxed and docile.
  • The abrupt announcement was made late Wednesday.
  • After all, most scientific change isn't abrupt and dramatic; revolutions are rare.
  • He made an abrupt sweeping motion with his hand.
British Dictionary definitions for abrupt

abrupt

/əˈbrʌpt/
adjective
1.
sudden; unexpected
2.
brusque or brief in speech, manner, etc; curt
3.
(of a style of writing or speaking) making sharp transitions from one subject to another; disconnected
4.
precipitous; steep
5.
(botany) shaped as though a part has been cut off; truncate
6.
(geology) (of strata) cropping out suddenly
Derived Forms
abruptly, adverb
abruptness, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin abruptus broken off, from ab-1 + rumpere to break
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for abrupt
adj.

1580s, from Latin abruptus "broken off, precipitous, disconnected," past participle of abrumpere "break off," from ab- "off" (see ab-) + rumpere "break" (see rupture (n.)). Related: Abruptly; abruptness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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