|—n , pl -mies|
|1.||an institution or society for the advancement of literature, art, or science|
|2.||a school for training in a particular skill or profession: a military academy|
|3.||a secondary school: now used only as part of a name, and often denoting a private school|
|[C16: via Latin from Greek akadēmeia name of the grove where Plato taught, named after the legendary hero Akadēmos]|
"The A[cademy], the Garden, the Lyceum, the Porch, the Tub, are names used for the five chief schools of Greek philosophy, their founders, adherents, & doctrines: the A., Plato, the Platonists & Platonism; the Garden, Epicurus, the Epicureans, & Epicureanism; the Lyceum, Aristotle, the Aristotelians, & Aristotelianism; the Porch, Zeno, the Stoics, & Stoicism; the Tub, Antisthenes, the Cynics, & Cynicism." [Fowler]Sense broadened 16c. into "any school or training place." Academy awards (1941) so called for their distributor, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
in ancient Greece, the academy, or college, of philosophy in the northwestern outskirts of Athens, where Plato acquired property about 387 BC and used to teach. At the site there had been an olive grove, park, and gymnasium sacred to the legendary Attic hero Academus (or Hecademus).
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