academy

[uh-kad-uh-mee]
noun, plural academies.
1.
a secondary or high school, especially a private one.
2.
a school or college for special instruction or training in a subject: a military academy.
3.
an association or institution for the advancement of art, literature, or science: the National Academy of Arts and Letters.
4.
a group of authorities and leaders in a field of scholarship, art, etc., who are often permitted to dictate standards, prescribe methods, and criticize new ideas.
5.
the Academy.
a.
the Platonic school of philosophy or its adherents.
b.
academe ( def 3 ).

Origin:
1470–80; < Latin acadēmīa < Greek akadḗmeia, equivalent to Akádēm(os) Academus + -eia adj. suffix

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
academy (əˈkædəmɪ)
 
n , pl -mies
1.  an institution or society for the advancement of literature, art, or science
2.  a school for training in a particular skill or profession: a military academy
3.  a secondary school: now used only as part of a name, and often denoting a private school
 
[C16: via Latin from Greek akadēmeia name of the grove where Plato taught, named after the legendary hero Akadēmos]

Academy (əˈkædəmɪ)
 
n
1.  a.  the grove or garden near Athens where Plato taught in the late 4th century bc
 b.  the school of philosophy founded by Plato
 c.  the members of this school and their successors
2.  French Academy short for the Royal Academy

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

academy
late 15c., from L. academia, from Gk. Akademeia "grove of Akademos," a legendary Athenian of the Trojan War tales (his name apparently means "of a silent district"), whose estate, six stadia from Athens, was the enclosure where Plato taught his school.
"The A[cademy], the Garden, the Lyceum, the Porch, the Tub, are names used for the five chief schools of Greek philosophy, their founders, adherents, & doctrines: the A., Plato, the Platonists & Platonism; the Garden, Epicurus, the Epicureans, & Epicureanism; the Lyceum, Aristotle, the Aristotelians, & Aristotelianism; the Porch, Zeno, the Stoics, & Stoicism; the Tub, Antisthenes, the Cynics, & Cynicism." [Fowler]
Sense broadened 16c. into "any school or training place." Academy awards (1941) so called for their distributor, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

academy

in ancient Greece, the academy, or college, of philosophy in the northwestern outskirts of Athens, where Plato acquired property about 387 BC and used to teach. At the site there had been an olive grove, park, and gymnasium sacred to the legendary Attic hero Academus (or Hecademus).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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