advance

[ad-vans, -vahns]
verb (used with object), advanced, advancing.
1.
to move or bring forward: The general advanced his troops to the new position.
2.
to bring into consideration or notice; suggest; propose: to advance reasons for a tax cut.
3.
to improve; further: to advance one's interests.
4.
to raise in rank; promote: The board of directors advanced him to president.
5.
to raise in rate or amount; increase: to advance the price.
6.
to bring forward in time; accelerate: to advance growth; to advance clocks one hour.
7.
to supply beforehand; furnish on credit or before goods are delivered or work is done.
8.
to furnish as part of a stock or fund.
9.
to supply or pay in expectation of reimbursement: They advanced her $5000 against future royalties.
10.
to schedule at a later time or date: to advance a meeting from early to late fall.
11.
Informal. to do advance publicity for: to advance a rock singer's personal appearances; the most heavily advanced sports event in history.
12.
Archaic. to raise, as a banner.
verb (used without object), advanced, advancing.
13.
to move or go forward; proceed: The troops advanced.
14.
to increase in quantity, value, price, etc.: His stock advanced three points.
15.
(of a color, form, etc., on a flat surface) to move toward or be perceived as moving toward an observer, especially as giving the illusion of space. Compare recede1 ( def 3 ).
16.
to improve or make progress.
17.
to grow or rise in importance, status, etc.: to advance in rank.
18.
Informal. to provide publicity; do promotion: He was hired to advance for a best-selling author.
noun
19.
a forward movement; progress in space: the advance of the troops to the border.
20.
promotion; improvement in importance, rank, etc.: his advance to the position of treasurer.
21.
Usually, advances.
a.
attempts at forming an acquaintanceship, reaching an agreement, or the like, made by one party.
b.
actions or words intended to be sexually inviting.
22.
addition to price; rise in price: an advance on cottons.
23.
Commerce.
a.
a giving beforehand; a furnishing of something before an equivalent is received: An advance on his next month's salary permitted him to pay his debt on time.
b.
the money or goods thus furnished: He received $100 as an advance against future delivery.
24.
Journalism.
a.
copy prepared before the event it describes has occurred: The morning papers carried advances on the ceremony, which will take place tonight.
b.
a press release, wire-service dispatch, or the like, as one containing the text or partial text of a speech, sent to arrive in advance of the event to which it is related. Compare release copy.
25.
the leading body of an army.
26.
Military. (formerly) the order or a signal to advance.
27.
Informal.
a.
publicity done before the appearance of a noted person, a public event, etc.: She was hired to do advance for the candidate.
b.
a person hired to do advance publicity for an event: He is regarded as the best advance in the business.
28.
Automotive, Machinery. an adjustment made in the setting of the distributor of an internal-combustion engine to generate the spark for ignition in each cylinder earlier in the cycle. Compare retard ( def 5 ).
29.
Geology. a seaward movement of the shoreline.
adjective
30.
going or placed before: an advance section of a train.
31.
made or given ahead of time: an advance payment on a loan.
32.
issued ahead of time: an advance copy of the president's speech.
33.
having gone beyond others or beyond the average.
Idioms
34.
in advance, ahead of time; beforehand: You must get your tickets in advance.
35.
in advance of, in front of; before: Heralds walked in advance of the king.

Origin:
1200–50; Middle English avauncen < Anglo-French, Old French avanc(i)er < Vulgar Latin *abantiāre, verbal derivative of Late Latin abante in front (of) (Latin ab away from, off + ante before); ad- by mistaking a- for a-5 in the 16th cent.

advancingly, adverb
overadvance, verb, overadvanced, overadvancing, noun
unadvancing, adjective


2. adduce, propound; offer. 3. forward, promote. 6. force; quicken, hasten, speed up. 9. lend, loan. 13. Advance, move on, proceed all imply movement forward. Advance applies to forward movement, especially toward an objective: to advance to a platform. Proceed emphasizes movement, as from one place to another, and often implies continuing after a halt: to proceed on one's journey. Move on is similar in meaning to proceed; it does not, however, imply a definite goal: The crowd was told to move on. 16. thrive, flourish; prosper. 20. growth, advancement. 21. overture, proposal; offer, tender. 24. prepublication. 25. spearhead.


1, 2. withdraw. 13. retreat. 17. decrease.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
advance (ədˈvɑːns)
 
vb
1.  to go or bring forward in position
2.  (foll by on) to move (towards) in a threatening manner
3.  (tr) to present for consideration; suggest
4.  to bring or be brought to a further stage of development; improve; further
5.  (tr) to cause (an event) to occur earlier
6.  (tr) to supply (money, goods, etc) beforehand, either for a loan or as an initial payment
7.  to increase (a price, value, rate of occurrence, etc) or (of a price, etc) to be increased
8.  (intr) to improve one's position; be promoted: he advanced rapidly in his job
9.  archaic (tr) to promote in rank, status, or position
 
n
10.  forward movement; progress in time or space
11.  improvement; progress in development
12.  commerce
 a.  the supplying of commodities or funds before receipt of an agreed consideration
 b.  the commodities or funds supplied in this manner
 c.  (as modifier): an advance supply
13.  Also called: advance payment a money payment made before it is legally due: this is an advance on your salary
14.  a loan of money
15.  an increase in price, value, rate of occurrence, etc
16.  a less common word for advancement
17.  in advance
 a.  beforehand: payment in advance
 b.  (foll by of) ahead in time or development: ideas in advance of the time
18.  (modifier) forward in position or time: advance booking; an advance warning
 
[C15: advauncen, altered (on the model of words beginning with Latin ad-) from C13 avauncen, via Old French from Latin abante from before, from ab- away from + ante before]
 
ad'vancer
 
n
 
ad'vancingly
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

advance
early 13c., from O.Fr. avancer "move forward," from V.L. *abanteare (It. avanzare, Sp. avanzar), from L.L. abante "from before," composed of ab- "from" + ante "before, in front of, against," from PIE *anti "against," locative singular of *ant- "front, forehead." The -d- was inserted 16c. on mistaken
notion that initial a- was L. ad-. Meaning "to give money before it is legally due" is first attested 1670s. The noun is first recorded 1520s; advances "amorous overtures" is from 1706. The adj. (in advance warning, etc.) is not recorded before 1910.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

advance

see in advance; make advances.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Get a step ahead by preparing part of these appetizers in advance.
The development of nomadic pastoralism was a true advance in the evolution of
  human civilization.
Motels are often full on summer weekends, so it's a good idea to reserve in
  advance.
Veteran reporters and creaking commentators have a single goal in writing about
  great events: advance the story.
Idioms & Phrases
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