Because they are career employees of the federal bureaucracy, they enjoy job protections not afforded political appointees.
The jury was afforded a 20-minute break to “clear their heads,” as Senior Judge John Cleland described it.
Expertise in education, or welfare spending, or environmental stewardship is afforded some respect.
Old English geforðian "to put forth, contribute; further, advance; carry out, accomplish," from ge- completive prefix (see a- (1)) + forðian "to further," from forð "forward, onward" (see forth).
Change of -th- to -d- took place late 16c. (and also transformed burthen and murther into their modern forms). Prefix shift to af- took place 16c. under mistaken belief that it was a Latin word in ad-. Notion of "accomplish" (late Old English) gradually became "manage to buy or maintain; have enough money (to do something)" (1833). Older sense is preserved in afford (one) an opportunity. Related: Afforded; affording.