alcohol

[al-kuh-hawl, -hol]
noun
1.
Also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, ethanol, fermentation alcohol. a colorless, limpid, volatile, flammable, water-miscible liquid, C 2 H 5 OH, having an etherlike odor and pungent, burning taste, the intoxicating principle of fermented liquors, produced by yeast fermentation of certain carbohydrates, as grains, molasses, starch, or sugar, or obtained synthetically by hydration of ethylene or as a by-product of certain hydrocarbon syntheses: used chiefly as a solvent in the extraction of specific substances, in beverages, medicines, organic synthesis, lotions, tonics, colognes, rubbing compounds, as an automobile radiator antifreeze, and as a rocket fuel. Compare denatured alcohol, methyl alcohol.
2.
whiskey, gin, vodka, or any other intoxicating liquor containing this liquid.
3.
Chemistry. any of a class of chemical compounds having the general formula ROH, where R represents an alkyl group and –OH a hydroxyl group, as in methyl alcohol, CH 3 OH, or ethyl alcohol, C 2 H 5 OH.

Origin:
1535–45; < Neo-Latin < Medieval Latin < Arabic al-kuḥl the powdered antimony, the distillate

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World English Dictionary
alcohol (ˈælkəˌhɒl)
 
n
1.  ethanol, Also called: ethyl alcohol a colourless flammable liquid, the active principle of intoxicating drinks, produced by the fermentation of sugars, esp glucose, and used as a solvent and in the manufacture of organic chemicals. Formula: C2H5OH
2.  a drink or drinks containing this substance
3.  chem Compare phenol diol See also triol any one of a class of organic compounds that contain one or more hydroxyl groups bound to carbon atoms. The simplest alcohols have the formula ROH, where R is an alkyl group
 
[C16: via New Latin from Medieval Latin, from Arabic al-kuhl powdered antimony; see kohl]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

alcohol
1540s, "fine powder produced by sublimation," from M.L. alcohol "powdered ore of antimony," from Arabic al-kuhul "kohl," the fine metallic powder used to darken the eyelids, from kahala "to stain, paint." The al- is the Arabic definite article, "the." "Powdered cosmetic" was the earliest sense in English;
definition broadened 1670s to "any sublimated substance, the pure spirit of anything." Modern sense of "intoxicating ingredient in strong liquor" is first recorded 1753, short for alcohol of wine, which was extended to "the intoxicating element in fermented liquors." In organic chemistry, the word was extended 1850 to the class of compounds of the same type as this.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

alcohol al·co·hol (āl'kə-hôl')
n.

  1. Any of a series of hydroxyl compounds derived from saturated hydrocarbons, including ethanol and methanol.

  2. A colorless, volatile, flammable liquid synthesized or obtained by fermentation of sugars and starches and widely used, either pure or denatured, as a solvent and in drugs. Also called ethanol, ethyl alcohol.

  3. Intoxicating liquor containing alcohol.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
alcohol   (āl'kə-hôl')  Pronunciation Key 
  1. Any of a large number of colorless, flammable organic compounds that contain the hydroxyl group (OH) and that form esters with acids. Alcohols are used as solvents and for manufacturing dyes, perfumes, and pharmaceuticals. Simple alcohols, such as methanol and ethanol, are water-soluble liquids, while more complex ones, like cetyl alcohol, are waxy solids. Names of alcohols usually end in -ol.

  2. Ethanol.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Many alcohol marketers have toned down what used to be a raucous spring break.
Like ethanol, butanol is an alcohol.
There are plenty of tales of animals finding some alcohol and getting tipsy.
The animals appear to have a high alcohol tolerance.
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