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alkanet

[al-kuh-net] /ˈæl kəˌnɛt/
noun
1.
a European plant, Alkanna tinctoria, of the borage family.
2.
the root of this plant, yielding a red dye.
3.
the dye itself.
4.
any of several similar hairy plants, as the bugloss, Anchusa officinalis, or a puccoon of the genus Lithospermum.
Origin of alkanet
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English < Old Spanish alcaneta, equivalent to alcan(a) henna (plant) (< Medieval Latin alchanna < Arabic al the + hinnā̉ henna) + -eta diminutive suffix
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for alkanet

alkanet

/ˈælkəˌnɛt/
noun
1.
a European boraginaceous plant, Alkanna tinctoria, the roots of which yield a red dye
2.
Also called anchusin, alkannin. the dye obtained from this plant
3.
any of certain hairy blue-flowered Old World plants of the boraginaceous genus Anchusa (or Pentaglottis), such as A. sempervirens of Europe See also bugloss
4.
another name for puccoon (sense 1)
Word Origin
C14: from Spanish alcaneta, diminutive of alcana henna, from Medieval Latin alchanna, from Arabic al the + hinnā' henna
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for alkanet
n.

"dye material from bugloss plant roots," early 14c., from Spanish alcaneta, diminutive of alcana, from Arabic al-hinna (see henna). As the name of the plant itself, from 1560s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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11
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