verb (used with object), allayed, allaying.
to put (fear, doubt, suspicion, anger, etc.) to rest; calm; quiet.
to lessen or relieve; mitigate; alleviate: to allay pain.

before 1000; Middle English aleyen, Old English ālecgan to put down, allay (ā- a-3 + lecgan to lay1); spelling -ll- shows influence of the now obsolete allege (< Anglo-French, Old French aleg(i)er; see allege) to alleviate, allay

allayer, noun
unallayed, adjective

allay, alley, alloy, ally (see synonym study at the current entry).

1. soften, assuage. Allay, moderate, soothe mean to reduce excitement or emotion. To allay is to lay to rest or lull to a sense of security, possibly by making the emotion seem unjustified: to allay suspicion, anxiety, fears. To moderate is to tone down any excess and thus to restore calm: to moderate the expression of one's grief. To soothe is to exert a pacifying or tranquilizing influence: to soothe a terrified child. 2. lighten, mollify, temper, ease.

1. excite. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
allay (əˈleɪ)
1.  to relieve (pain, grief, etc) or be relieved
2.  (tr) to reduce (fear, anger, etc)
[Old English ālecgan to put down, from lecgan to lay1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. alecgan "to put down, remit, give up," a Gmc. compound (cf. Goth. uslagjan, O.H.G. irleccan, Ger. erlegen), from a- "down, aside" + lecgan "to lay" (see lay). Pronunciations of early M.E. -y- and -g- were not always distinct, and the word was confused in M.E. with various
senses of Romanic-derived alloy and allege, especially the latter in an obs. sense of "to lighten," from L. ad- "to" + levis (see lever).
"Amid the overlapping of meanings that thus arose, there was developed a perplexing network of uses of allay and allege, that belong entirely to no one of the original vbs., but combine the senses of two or more of them." [OED]
The double -l- is 17c., a mistaken Latinism.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
To pull off the move, he'd need to allay concerns about harm to lower-income
To allay his father's impatience, he then had to deliver scenes as he finished
If they want to allay suspicion from those who doubt the claims, they are going
  about it wrong.
This does not lessen anybody's grief, but it should allay some fears.
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