along

[uh-lawng, uh-long]
preposition
1.
through, on, beside, over, or parallel to the length or direction of; from one end to the other of: to walk along a highway; to run a border along a shelf.
2.
during; in the course of: Somewhere along the way I lost my hat.
3.
in conformity or accordance with: I plan to revise the article along the lines suggested.
adverb
4.
by the length; lengthwise; parallel to or in a line with the length or direction: He ran along beside me.
5.
with a progressive motion; onward: The police ordered the line to move along.
6.
(of time) some way on: along toward evening.
7.
in company; in agreement (usually followed by with ): I'll go along with you. He planned the project along with his associates.
8.
as a companion; with one: She took her brother along.
9.
from one person or place to another: The order was passed along from the general to the captain and from the captain to a private.
10.
at or to an advanced place or state: Work on the new ship is quite far along.
11.
as an accompanying item; on hand: Bring along your umbrella.
12.
along of, Chiefly Southern U.S. and British Dialect.
a.
owing to; because of: We weren't invited, along of your rudeness.
b.
in company with: You come along of me to the store.
Verb phrases
13.
get along. get ( def 36 ).
Idioms
14.
all along, all the time; throughout: I knew all along that it was a lie.
15.
be along, Informal. to arrive at a place; come: They should be along soon.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English; Old English andlang, equivalent to and- (cognate with Old Saxon, Old Norse and-, Gothic and(a)-, Old High German ant-, prefix with orig. sense “facing”; cf. answer) + lang long1

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
along (əˈlɒŋ)
 
prep
1.  over or for the length of, esp in a more or less horizontal plane: along the road
 
adv
2.  continuing over the length of some specified thing
3.  in accompaniment; together with some specified person or people: he says he'd like to come along
4.  forward: the horse trotted along at a steady pace
5.  to a more advanced state: he got the work moving along
6.  along with accompanying; together with: consider the advantages along with the disadvantages
 

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

along
O.E. andlang "alongside of," from and- "opposite, against" (from P.Gmc. *andi-, *anda- from PIE *anti "against," locative singular of *ant- "front, forehead;" see ante) + lang "long" (see long (adj.)). Sense extended to "through the whole length of."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

along

In addition to the idioms beginning with along, also see all along; all along the line; be along; come along; follow along; get along go along; play along; run along string along.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Click ahead to see what they did, mixing some old with the new along the way.
Sudden movement along the fault causes the ground to shake.
If that were the case, the tortoises would have yawned right along with their
  compatriots.
Along the two-lane road, there is not a single billboard, stop sign or traffic
  light.
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