noun, plural anabases [uh-nab-uh-seez] .
a march from the coast into the interior, as that of Cyrus the Younger against Artaxerxes II, described by Xenophon in his historical work Anabasis (379–371 b.c.).
Literary. any military expedition or advance.
Compare katabasis.

1700–10; < Greek: a stepping up. See ana-, basis Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
anabasis (əˈnæbəsɪs)
n , pl -ses
1.  Compare katabasis the march of Cyrus the Younger and his Greek mercenaries from Sardis to Cunaxa in Babylonia in 401 bc, described by Xenophon in his Anabasis
2.  any military expedition, esp one from the coast to the interior
[C18: from Greek: a going up, ascent, from anabainein to go up; see anabaena]

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Word Origin & History

1706, from Gk. "military expedition," lit. "a going up (from the coast)," especially in reference to the advance of Cyrus the Younger from near the Aegean coast into Asia, and the subsequent story of the retreat of the 10,000 narrated by Xenophon (401 B.C.E.); from ana "up" + bainein "to go" (see
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Anabasis was the story of an unsuccessful operation that ended in retreat.
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