anachronism

[uh-nak-ruh-niz-uhm]
noun
1.
something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time, especially a thing or person that belongs to an earlier time: The sword is an anachronism in modern warfare.
2.
an error in chronology in which a person, object, event, etc., is assigned a date or period other than the correct one: To assign Michelangelo to the 14th century is an anachronism.


Origin:
1640–50; < Latin anachronismus < Greek anachronismós a wrong time reference, equivalent to anachron(ízein) to make a wrong time reference (see ana-, chron-, -ize) + -ismos -ism

anachronically [an-uh-kron-ik-lee] , adverb
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World English Dictionary
anachronism (əˈnækrəˌnɪzəm)
 
n
1.  the representation of an event, person, or thing in a historical context in which it could not have occurred or existed
2.  a person or thing that belongs or seems to belong to another time: she regards the Church as an anachronism
 
[C17: from Latin anachronismus, from Greek anakhronismos a mistake in chronology, from anakhronizein to err in a time reference, from ana- + khronos time]
 
anachro'nistic
 
adj
 
anachro'nistically
 
adv

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

anachronism
1640s, "an error in computing time or finding dates," from L. anachronismus, from Gk. anachronismos, from anachronizein "refer to wrong time," from ana- "against" + khronos "time." Meaning "something out of harmony with the present" first recorded 1816. Related: Anachronistic (1775).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

anachronism

(from Greek ana, "back," and chronos, "time"), neglect or falsification, intentional or not, of chronological relation. It is most frequently found in works of imagination that rest on a historical basis, in which appear details borrowed from a later age; e.g., a clock in William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, an attendant to the Pharaoh shod in tennis shoes in Cecil B. deMille's The Ten Commandments. Anachronisms originate in disregard of the different modes of life and thought that characterize different periods or in ignorance of the facts of history.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
This is not an anachronism, this is a poet.
At other moments, the film wallows in sentimental anachronism.
Even in 1915, it was an anachronism.
It is time to rethink the public funding of this anachronism from the past.
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