analysis

[uh-nal-uh-sis]
noun, plural analyses [uh-nal-uh-seez] .
1.
the separating of any material or abstract entity into its constituent elements (opposed to synthesis ).
2.
this process as a method of studying the nature of something or of determining its essential features and their relations: the grammatical analysis of a sentence.
3.
a presentation, usually in writing, of the results of this process: The paper published an analysis of the political situation.
4.
a philosophical method of exhibiting complex concepts or propositions as compounds or functions of more basic ones.
5.
Mathematics.
a.
an investigation based on the properties of numbers.
b.
the discussion of a problem by algebra, as opposed to geometry.
c.
the branch of mathematics consisting of calculus and its higher developments.
d.
a system of calculation, as combinatorial analysis or vector analysis.
e.
a method of proving a proposition by assuming the result and working backward to something that is known to be true. Compare synthesis ( def 4 ).
6.
Chemistry.
a.
intentionally produced decomposition or separation of materials into their ingredients or elements, as to find their kind or quantity.
b.
the ascertainment of the kind or amount of one or more of the constituents of materials, whether obtained in separate form or not. Compare qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis.
8.
Computers. systems analysis.

Origin:
1575–85; < Neo-Latin < Greek, equivalent to analȳ́(ein) to loosen up (ana- ana- + lȳ́ein to loosen) + -sis -sis

misanalysis, noun, plural misanalyses.
overanalysis, noun, plural overanalyses.
reanalysis, noun, plural reanalyses.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
analysis (əˈnælɪsɪs)
 
n , pl -ses
1.  Compare synthesis the division of a physical or abstract whole into its constituent parts to examine or determine their relationship or value
2.  a statement of the results of this
3.  short for psychoanalysis
4.  chem
 a.  the decomposition of a substance into its elements, radicals, or other constituents in order to determine the kinds of constituents present (qualitative analysis) or the amount of each constituent (quantitative analysis)
 b.  the result obtained by such a determination
5.  linguistics Compare synthesis the use of word order together with word function to express syntactic relations in a language, as opposed to the use of inflections
6.  maths the branch of mathematics principally concerned with the properties of functions, largely arising out of calculus
7.  philosophy Compare synthesis (in the writings of Kant) the separation of a concept from another that contains it
8.  in the last analysis, in the final analysis, in the ultimate analysis after everything has been given due consideration
 
[C16: from New Latin, from Greek analusis, literally: a dissolving, from analuein, from ana- + luein to loosen]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

analysis
1580s, "resolution of anything complex into simple elements" (opposite of synthesis), from M.L. analysis, from Gk. analysis "a breaking up," from analyein "unloose, release, set free," from ana "up, throughout" + lysis "a loosening," from lyein "to unfasten" (see lose). Psychological
sense is from 1890. Phrase in the final (or last) analysis (1844), translates Fr. en dernière analyse.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

analysis a·nal·y·sis (ə-nāl'ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. a·nal·y·ses (-sēz')

  1. The separation of a whole into its constituent parts for individual study.

  2. The separation of a substance into its constituent elements to determine either their nature or proportions.

  3. The stated findings of such a separation or determination.

  4. Psychoanalysis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
analysis   (ə-nāl'ĭ-sĭs)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. The separation of a substance into its constituent elements, usually by chemical means, for the study and identification of each component. ◇ Qualitative analysis determines what substances are present in a compound. ◇ Quantitative analysis determines how much of each substance is present in a compound.

  2. A branch of mathematics concerned with limits and convergence and principally involving differential calculus, integral calculus, sequences, and series.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Now a new analysis finds that national culture, not innate ability, can account
  for some test differences.
We have a slightly different water cycle here: collection, distribution,
  analysis.
Conduct market research and competitive analysis.
In every respect, his analysis proved prescient.
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