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analyze

or (especially British) analyse

[an-l-ahyz] /ˈæn lˌaɪz/
verb (used with object), analyzed, analyzing.
1.
to separate (a material or abstract entity) into constituent parts or elements; determine the elements or essential features of (opposed to synthesize):
to analyze an argument.
2.
to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential elements or give the essence of:
to analyze a poem.
3.
to examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors, possible results, etc.
4.
to subject to mathematical, chemical, grammatical, etc., analysis.
5.
to psychoanalyze:
a patient who has been analyzed by two therapists.
Origin of analyze
1595-1605
1595-1605; back formation from analysis (or from its Latin or Gk sources), with -ys- taken as -ize
Related forms
analyzable, adjective
analyzability, noun
analyzation, noun
misanalyze, verb (used with object), misanalyzed, misanalyzing.
nonanalyzable, adjective
nonanalyzed, adjective
overanalyze, verb, overanalyzed, overanalyzing.
reanalyzable, adjective
reanalyze, verb (used with object), reanalyzed, reanalyzing.
unanalyzable, adjective
unanalyzably, adverb
unanalyzed, adjective
unanalyzing, adjective
well-analyzed, adjective
Synonyms
1. break down. 2. explicate.
Antonyms
1. synthesize.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for analyzing
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • analyzing these several grounds of defence, a distinction should be made at the start between three varieties of basing point.

  • analyzing his emotions he marveled at the condition he discovered.

    Ann Arbor Tales Karl Edwin Harriman
  • analyzing himself, he was well aware that he would never possess a truly Christian spirit of humility and penitence.

    Against The Grain Joris-Karl Huysmans
  • analyzing this, 155 he states thus his second head of discourse: “Motives to virtue are superior to motives to vice.”

    French Classics William Cleaver Wilkinson
  • analyzing soils is sometimes of use, but usually has too much importance attached.

    Soil Culture J. H. Walden
  • analyzing this document, Professor Erman concludes that the knowledge of the Egyptians was adequate to all practical requirements.

  • analyzing the key phrases in Bryce's statement, we can best clarify the meaning of political self-determination.

  • This course in analyzing People on Sight is as scientific as the automobile.

    How to Analyze People on Sight Elsie Lincoln Benedict and Ralph Paine Benedict
Word Origin and History for analyzing

analyze

v.

c.1600, "to dissect," from French analyser, from analyse (see analysis). Literature sense is attested from 1610s; meaning in chemistry dates from 1660s. General sense of "to examine closely" dates from 1809; psychological sense is from 1909. Related: Analyzed; analyzing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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