a doctrine urging the abolition of government or governmental restraint as the indispensable condition for full social and political liberty.
the methods or practices of anarchists, as the use of violence to undermine government.

1635–45; anarch(y) + -ism

proanarchism, noun
semianarchism, noun

anarchism, anarchy. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
anarchism (ˈænəˌkɪzəm)
1.  political theory a doctrine advocating the abolition of government
2.  the principles or practice of anarchists

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1640s; see anarchy + -ism.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
anarchism [(an-uhr-kiz-uhm)]

The belief that all existing governmental authority should be abolished and replaced by free cooperation among individuals.

Note: Anarchy is sometimes used to refer to any state of chaos or lawlessness.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for anarchism
Anarchism as a social movement has regularly endured fluctuations in popularity.
Anarchism is not the reign of love, but the reign of justice.
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