anisotropic an·i·so·trop·ic (ān-ī'sə-trŏp'ĭk, -trō'pĭk)
Having physical properties that differ according to the direction of measurement.
|anisotropic (ān-ī'sə-trō'pĭk, -trŏp'ĭk, ān'ī-) Pronunciation Key
Differing according to orientation, as light scattered by a liquid crystal; light striking the liquid crystal's surface at a 90° angle might not be reflected (so the surface appears dark when viewed head-on), while light striking it at shallower angles is reflected (so the surface appears illuminated when viewed from a shallow angle). Compare isotropic.
in physics, the quality of exhibiting properties with different values when measured along axes in different directions. Anisotropy is most easily observed in single crystals of solid elements or compounds, in which atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in regular lattices. In contrast, the random distribution of particles in liquids, and especially in gases, causes them rarely, if ever, to be anisotropic.
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