any of numerous chiefly insectivorous New World lizards of the genus Anolis, related to the iguana, that have the ability to change the color of their skin among a wide range of green and brown shades.
The anole genome now gives us powerful tools to study natural selection and evolutionary change at the genetic level.
British Dictionary definitions for anole
any small arboreal tropical American insectivorous lizards of the genus Anolis, such as A. carolinensis (green anole): family Iguanidae (iguanas). They are able to change the colour of their skin Also called American chameleon