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[fuhn-duh-men-tl-iz-uh m] /ˌfʌn dəˈmɛn tlˌɪz əm/
(sometimes initial capital letter) a religious movement characterized by a strict belief in the literal interpretation of religious texts, especially within American Protestantism and Islam.
the beliefs held by those in this movement.
strict adherence to any set of basic ideas or principles:
the fundamentalism of the extreme conservatives.
Origin of fundamentalism
1920-25, Americanism; fundamental + -ism; originally in reference to the American Protestant fundamentalism movement, which arose in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in reaction to modernism
Related forms
fundamentalist, noun, adjective
antifundamentalism, noun
antifundamentalist, noun, adjective
nonfundamentalist, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for anti-fundamentalism


(Christianity) (esp among certain Protestant sects) the belief that every word of the Bible is divinely inspired and therefore true
(Islam) a movement favouring strict observance of the teachings of the Koran and Islamic law
strict adherence to the fundamental principles of any set of beliefs
Derived Forms
fundamentalist, noun, adjective
fundamentalistic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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anti-fundamentalism in Culture

fundamentalism definition

A conservative movement in theology among nineteenth- and twentieth-century Christians. Fundamentalists believe that the statements in the Bible are literally true.

Note: Fundamentalists often argue against the theory of evolution. (See Scopes trial.)
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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