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modernism

[mod-er-niz-uh m] /ˈmɒd ərˌnɪz əm/
noun
1.
modern character, tendencies, or values; adherence to or sympathy with what is modern.
2.
a modern usage or characteristic.
3.
(initial capital letter) Theology.
  1. the movement in Roman Catholic thought that sought to interpret the teachings of the Church in the light of philosophic and scientific conceptions prevalent in the late 19th and early 20th centuries: condemned by Pope Pius X in 1907.
  2. the liberal theological tendency in Protestantism in the 20th century.
4.
(sometimes initial capital letter) a deliberate philosophical and practical estrangement or divergence from the past in the arts and literature occurring especially in the course of the 20th century and taking form in any of various innovative movements and styles.
Origin
1730-1740
1730-40; modern + -ism
Related forms
antimodernism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for antimodernism

modernism

/ˈmɒdəˌnɪzəm/
noun
1.
modern tendencies, characteristics, thoughts, etc, or the support of these
2.
something typical of contemporary life or thought
3.
a 20th-century divergence in the arts from previous traditions, esp in architecture See International Style
4.
(capital) (RC Church) the movement at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries that sought to adapt doctrine to the supposed requirements of modern thought
Derived Forms
modernist, noun, adjective
modernistic, adjective
modernistically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for antimodernism

modernism

n.

1737, "deviation from the ancient and classical manner" [Johnson, who calls it "a word invented by Swift"], from modern + -ism. From 1830 as "modern ways and styles." Used in theology since 1901. As a movement in the arts (away from classical or traditional modes), from 1929.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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