modernism

modernism

[mod-er-niz-uhm]
noun
1.
modern character, tendencies, or values; adherence to or sympathy with what is modern.
2.
a modern usage or characteristic.
3.
(initial capital letter) Theology.
a.
the movement in Roman Catholic thought that sought to interpret the teachings of the Church in the light of philosophic and scientific conceptions prevalent in the late 19th and early 20th centuries: condemned by Pope Pius X in 1907.
b.
the liberal theological tendency in Protestantism in the 20th century.
4.
(sometimes initial capital letter) a deliberate philosophical and practical estrangement or divergence from the past in the arts and literature occurring especially in the course of the 20th century and taking form in any of various innovative movements and styles.

Origin:
1730–40; modern + -ism

antimodernism, noun
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World English Dictionary
International Style or Modernism
 
n
a 20th-century architectural style characterized by undecorated rectilinear forms and the use of glass, steel, and reinforced concrete
 
Modernism or Modernism
 
n

modernism (ˈmɒdəˌnɪzəm)
 
n
1.  modern tendencies, characteristics, thoughts, etc, or the support of these
2.  something typical of contemporary life or thought
3.  See International Style a 20th-century divergence in the arts from previous traditions, esp in architecture
4.  (capital) RC Church the movement at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries that sought to adapt doctrine to the supposed requirements of modern thought
 
'modernist
 
n, —adj
 
modern'istic
 
adj
 
modern'istically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

modernism
as a movement in the arts, 1929, from modern (q.v.). The word dates to 1737 in the sense of "deviation from the ancient and classical manner" [Johnson, who calls it "a word invented by Swift"]. It has been used in theology since 1901.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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