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antiphrasis

[an-tif-ruh-sis] /ænˈtɪf rə sɪs/
noun, Rhetoric
1.
the use of a word in a sense opposite to its proper meaning.
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; < Latin < Greek, derivative of antiphrázein to speak the opposite (anti- anti- + phrázein to speak); see phrase, sis
Related forms
antiphrastic
[an-ti-fras-tik] /ˌæn tɪˈfræs tɪk/ (Show IPA),
antiphrastical, adjective
antiphrastically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for antiphrasis

antiphrasis

/ænˈtɪfrəsɪs/
noun
1.
(rhetoric) the use of a word in a sense opposite to its normal one, esp for ironic effect
Word Origin
C16: via Late Latin from Greek, from anti- + phrasis, from phrazein to speak
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for antiphrasis
n.

1530s, from Latin antiphrasis, from Greek antiphrasis, from antiphrazein "to express (something) by the opposite," from anti- (see anti-) + phrazein "to consider, to express" (see phrase (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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