aphorism

[af-uh-riz-uhm]
noun
a terse saying embodying a general truth, or astute observation, as “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely” (Lord Acton).

Origin:
1520–30; French aphorisme < Late Latin aphorismus < Greek aphorismós definition, equivalent to aphor(ízein) to define (see aphorize) + -ismos -ism

aphorismic, aphorismatic [af-uh-riz-mat-ik] , adjective

adage, aphorism, apothegm, axiom, maxim, proverb.
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World English Dictionary
aphorism (ˈæfəˌrɪzəm)
 
n
a short pithy saying expressing a general truth; maxim
 
[C16: from Late Latin aphorismus, from Greek aphorismos definition, from aphorizein to define, set limits to, from horos boundary]
 
'aphorist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

aphorism
1520s (especially in ref. to the "Aphorisms of Hippocrates"), from M.Fr. aphorisme, from L.L. aphorismus, from Gk. aphorismos "definition, pithy sentence," from aphorizein "to mark off, divide," from apo- "from" + horizein "to bound." An aphorism is a short, pithy statement containing a truth of general
import; an axiom is a statement of self-evident truth; a theorem is a demonstrable proposition in science or mathematics; an epigram is like an aphorism, but lacking in general import. Maxim and saying can be used as synonyms for aphorism.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
aphorism [(af-uh-riz-uhm)]

A concise and often witty statement of wisdom or opinion, such as “Children should be seen and not heard,” or “People who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
As for the ballerina herself, she gives us aphorism after aphorism in her solos.
Some of the best have the snap of a good aphorism.
Downloading the free app will give users one aphorism per day.
But as the old aphorism goes, slow and data-rich wins the race.
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