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archduke

[ahrch-dook, -dyook] /ˈɑrtʃˈduk, -ˈdyuk/
noun
1.
a title of the sovereign princes of the former ruling house of Austria.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; earlier archeduke < French archeduc (now archiduc). See arch-1, duke
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for archduke
  • Immense sums were spent in the acquisition of paintings for the archduke.
British Dictionary definitions for archduke

archduke

/ˈɑːtʃˈdjuːk/
noun
1.
a chief duke, esp (since 1453) a prince of the Austrian imperial dynasty
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for archduke
n.

1520s, from Middle French and Old French archeduc, from Merovingian Latin archiducem (c.750); see arch- + duke (n.). Formerly the title of the rulers of Austrasia, Lorraine, Brabant, and Austria; later the titular dignity of the sons of the Emperor of Austria. Related: Archducal; archduchy.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for archduke

archduchess

a title, proper in modern times for members of the house of Habsburg. The title of archduke Palatine (Pfalz-Erzherzog) was first assumed by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, on the strength of a forged privilege, in the hope of gaining for the dukes of Austria an equal status with the electors of the Holy Roman Empire. The emperor Charles IV refused to recognize the title, and it was not juridically held by the Habsburgs until 1453, when the emperor Frederick III, a Habsburg, confirmed Rudolf 's privilege and granted the title of archduke of Austria to his son Maximilian and his heirs. All males of the house of Habsburg bore this title; their daughters and wives were archduchesses. The title of archduke or archduchess of Austria also occurred in the royal style of the Bourbon kings and queens of Spain, though they were not descended in the male line from their Habsburg predecessors.

Learn more about archduchess with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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