archduke

[ahrch-dook, -dyook]
noun
a title of the sovereign princes of the former ruling house of Austria.

Origin:
1520–30; earlier archeduke < French archeduc (now archiduc). See arch-1, duke

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Collins
World English Dictionary
archduke (ˈɑːtʃˈdjuːk)
 
n
a chief duke, esp (since 1453) a prince of the Austrian imperial dynasty

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

archduke
1520s, from M.Fr., from O.Fr. archeduc, from Merovingian L. archiducem (c.750), from arch- (see arch (adj.)) + duke (q.v.). Formerly the title of the rulers of Austrasia, Lorraine, Brabant, and Austria; later the titular dignity of the sons of the Emperor of Austria.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

archduke

a title, proper in modern times for members of the house of Habsburg. The title of archduke Palatine (Pfalz-Erzherzog) was first assumed by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, on the strength of a forged privilege, in the hope of gaining for the dukes of Austria an equal status with the electors of the Holy Roman Empire. The emperor Charles IV refused to recognize the title, and it was not juridically held by the Habsburgs until 1453, when the emperor Frederick III, a Habsburg, confirmed Rudolf 's privilege and granted the title of archduke of Austria to his son Maximilian and his heirs. All males of the house of Habsburg bore this title; their daughters and wives were archduchesses. The title of archduke or archduchess of Austria also occurred in the royal style of the Bourbon kings and queens of Spain, though they were not descended in the male line from their Habsburg predecessors.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences for archduke
Immense sums were spent in the acquisition of paintings for the archduke.
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