artel

artel

[ahr-tel]
noun
(in Russia or the Soviet Union) a peasants' or workers' cooperative; an association of workers or peasants for collective effort.

Origin:
1880–85; < Russian artél', perhaps ultimately < a derivative of Turkic ort- middle (compare Turkish ortak partner, ortaklιk association), though identity of suffixed element(s) unclear

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World English Dictionary
artel (ɑːˈtɛl)
 
n
1.  (in the former Soviet Union) a cooperative union or organization, esp of producers, such as peasants
2.  (in prerevolutionary Russia) a quasi-cooperative association of people engaged in the same activity
 
[from Russian artel', from Italian artieri artisans, from arte work, from Latin arsart1]

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