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arthritis

[ahr-thrahy-tis] /ɑrˈθraɪ tɪs/
noun
1.
acute or chronic inflammation of a joint, often accompanied by pain and structural changes and having diverse causes, as infection, crystal deposition, or injury.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; < Neo-Latin < Greek: gout. See arthro-, -itis
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for arthritis
  • Gout is a kind of arthritis that occurs when uric acid builds up in blood and causes joint inflammation.
  • Synthetic cobra venom is used in pain relievers and arthritis medication.
  • Drugstore shelves are filled with pills and lineaments to help relieve pain from arthritis.
  • Chronic gouty arthritis is treated with drugs that help reduce uric acid levels.
  • She gets up several time a night when her arthritis is bothering her and cleans the house.
  • Slowing down as a matter of lifestyle has been shown to reduce arthritis and other aging ailments.
  • Cortisone is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and physostigmine to treat glaucoma.
  • It may also become a major alternative to methotrexate for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
  • In his medical career, he worked for foundations and other organizations that addressed arthritis treatment.
  • And some even soak their feet in the water, especially if they have arthritis.
British Dictionary definitions for arthritis

arthritis

/ɑːˈθraɪtɪs/
noun
1.
inflammation of a joint or joints characterized by pain and stiffness of the affected parts, caused by gout, rheumatic fever, etc See also rheumatoid arthritis
Derived Forms
arthritic (ɑːˈθrɪtɪk) adjective, noun
Usage note
Rather than talking about an arthritic or arthritics, it is better to talk about a person with arthritis and people with arthritis
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek: see arthro-, -itis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for arthritis
n.

"inflammation of a joint," 1540s, from medical Latin arthritis, from Greek (nosos) arthritis "(disease) of the joints," from arthritis, fem. of arthrites (adj.) "pertaining to joints" (Greek nosos is a fem. noun), from arthron "a joint" (see arm (n.1)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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arthritis in Medicine

arthritis ar·thri·tis (är-thrī'tĭs)
n. pl. ar·thrit·i·des (-thrĭt'ĭ-dēz')
Inflammation of a joint or joints resulting in pain and swelling. Also called articular rheumatism.


ar·thrit'ic (-thrĭt'ĭk) adj. & n.
ar·thrit'i·cal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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arthritis in Science
arthritis
  (är-thrī'tĭs)   

Acute or chronic inflammation of one or more joints, usually accompanied by pain and stiffness, resulting from infection, trauma, degenerative changes, autoimmune disease, or other causes. See also osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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arthritis in Culture

arthritis definition


The inflammation of tissues in the joints (such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis), usually resulting in pain and stiffness.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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