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[ahr-thrahy-tis] /ɑrˈθraɪ tɪs/
acute or chronic inflammation of a joint, often accompanied by pain and structural changes and having diverse causes, as infection, crystal deposition, or injury.
Origin of arthritis
1535-45; < New Latin < Greek: gout. See arthro-, -itis Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for arthritis
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Tinkering with the diet has never been known to do any good for arthritis deformans and often does harm.

    Psychotherapy James J. Walsh
  • He knows the aspirin will not cure the arthritis, but he wants to alleviate the symptom.

  • Strangles occurs in the young principally and is not a frequent cause of synovitis or arthritis in the adult animal.

    Lameness of the Horse John Victor Lacroix
  • But you are in an advanced stage of arthritis deformans of the soul.

    The Crux Charlotte Perkins Gilman
  • In hallux valgus, the metatarso-phalangeal joint of the great toe undergoes changes characteristic of arthritis deformans.

    Manual of Surgery Alexis Thomson and Alexander Miles
British Dictionary definitions for arthritis


inflammation of a joint or joints characterized by pain and stiffness of the affected parts, caused by gout, rheumatic fever, etc See also rheumatoid arthritis
Derived Forms
arthritic (ɑːˈθrɪtɪk) adjective, noun
Usage note
Rather than talking about an arthritic or arthritics, it is better to talk about a person with arthritis and people with arthritis
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek: see arthro-, -itis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for arthritis

"inflammation of a joint," 1540s, from medical Latin arthritis, from Greek (nosos) arthritis "(disease) of the joints," from arthritis, fem. of arthrites (adj.) "pertaining to joints" (Greek nosos is a fem. noun), from arthron "a joint" (see arm (n.1)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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arthritis in Medicine

arthritis ar·thri·tis (är-thrī'tĭs)
n. pl. ar·thrit·i·des (-thrĭt'ĭ-dēz')
Inflammation of a joint or joints resulting in pain and swelling. Also called articular rheumatism.

ar·thrit'ic (-thrĭt'ĭk) adj. & n.
ar·thrit'i·cal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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arthritis in Science

Acute or chronic inflammation of one or more joints, usually accompanied by pain and stiffness, resulting from infection, trauma, degenerative changes, autoimmune disease, or other causes. See also osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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arthritis in Culture

arthritis definition

The inflammation of tissues in the joints (such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis), usually resulting in pain and stiffness.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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