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[in-fluh-mey-shuh n] /ˌɪn fləˈmeɪ ʃən/
Pathology. redness, swelling, pain, tenderness, heat, and disturbed function of an area of the body, especially as a reaction of tissues to injurious agents.
the act or fact of inflaming.
the state of being inflamed.
Origin of inflammation
1525-35; < Latin inflammātiōn- (stem of inflammātiō), equivalent to inflammāt(us) (past participle of inflammāre; see inflame, -ate1) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
subinflammation, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for inflammation
  • External pressure or compression can cause inflammation in the ear, leading to increased swelling and redness.
  • The virus travels from the wound to the brain, where it causes swelling, or inflammation.
  • Sometimes patients suffer eye inflammation, cheek swelling, and facial nerve palsy.
  • Using it against an inflammation injury was logical.
  • Pneumonia is the medical term for an inflammation of the lungs.
  • The venom is usually aimed at the eyes and can cause inflammation and blindness.
  • Small sugar fragments can set off a signal cascade that increases inflammation and scar formation.
  • Included in the growing roster of potentially beneficial sponge molecules are ones that fight inflammation and cell division.
  • The resulting inflammation can cause capillaries to leak, especially in the brain.
  • Bleeding is a sign of inflammation due to infection due to lots of gunk that bacteria can use as food.
British Dictionary definitions for inflammation


the reaction of living tissue to injury or infection, characterized by heat, redness, swelling, and pain
the act of inflaming or the state of being inflamed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for inflammation

"redness or swelling in a body part," early 15c., from Middle French inflammation and directly from Latin inflammationem (nominative inflammatio) "a setting on fire," noun of action from past participle stem of inflammare (see inflame). Literal sense in English from 1560s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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inflammation in Medicine

inflammation in·flam·ma·tion (ĭn'flə-mā'shən)
A localized protective reaction of tissue to irritation, injury, or infection, characterized by pain, redness, swelling, and sometimes loss of function.

in·flame' v.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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inflammation in Science
The reaction of a part of the body to injury or infection, characterized by swelling, heat, redness, and pain. The process includes increased blood flow with an influx of white blood cells and other chemical substances that facilitate healing.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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inflammation in Culture

inflammation definition

The response of tissue to injury or infection. Pain, heat, redness, and swelling are the four basic symptoms of inflammation.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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