1350-1400;Middle Englishartil(le)rie, artelry, art(u)ry armaments, ballistic engines < Anglo-French,Middle Frenchartillerie, equivalent to Old Frenchartill(ier) to equip, arm, alteration, by association with artart1, of atill(i)er to set in order, put on armor (< Vulgar Latin*apticulāre, derivative of Latinaptāre to put on (armor, ornaments, etc.; see adapt); -i- for expected -ei- perhaps by association with atirier; see attire) + -erie-ery
late 14c., "warlike munitions," from O.Fr. artillerie (14c.), from artillier "to provide with engines of war" (13c.), which probably is from M.L. articulum "art, skill," dim. of L. ars (gen. artis) "art." But some would connect it with L. articulum "joint," and still others with O.Fr. atillier "to equip," altered by infl. of arte. Sense of "engines for discharging missiles" (catapults, slings, bows, etc.) is from late 15c.; that of "ordnance, large guns" is from 1530s.
The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D. Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers. Cite This Source
artillery in the Bible
1 Sam. 20:40, (Heb. keli, meaning "apparatus;" here meaning collectively any missile weapons, as arrows and lances. In Revised Version, "weapons"). This word is derived from the Latin artillaria = equipment of war.