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ashamed

[uh-sheymd] /əˈʃeɪmd/
adjective
1.
feeling shame; distressed or embarrassed by feelings of guilt, foolishness, or disgrace:
He felt ashamed for having spoken so cruelly.
2.
unwilling or restrained because of fear of shame, ridicule, or disapproval:
They were ashamed to show their work.
3.
Chiefly Midland U.S. (especially of children) bashful; timid.
Origin of ashamed
1000
before 1000; orig. past participle of earlier ashame (v.) to be ashamed, Middle English, Old English āscamian, equivalent to ā- a-3 + scamian to shame
Related forms
ashamedly
[uh-shey-mid-lee] /əˈʃeɪ mɪd li/ (Show IPA),
adverb
ashamedness, noun
half-ashamed, adjective
half-ashamedly, adverb
Synonyms
1. Ashamed, humiliated, mortified refer to a condition or feeling of discomfort or embarrassment. Ashamed focuses on the sense of one's own responsibility for an act, whether it is foolish, improper, or immoral: He was ashamed of his dishonesty. She was ashamed of her mistake. Humiliated stresses a feeling of being humbled or disgraced, without any necessary implication of guilt: He was humiliated by the king. Both words are used equally in situations in which one is felt to be responsible for the actions of another: Robert felt humiliated by his daughter's behavior. Mom was ashamed of the way I looked. Mortified represents an intensification of the feelings implied by the other two words: She was mortified by her clumsiness.
Antonyms
1, 2. proud.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for ashamed
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Do you think he's—do you think he's pleased with her, and yet ashamed of it?

    Alice Adams Booth Tarkington
  • Some of us will have to be ashamed of our outcry after our dead.

    Weighed and Wanting George MacDonald
  • "Troth, Mr. Macgregor, it's not a name to be ashamed of," answered Alan.

    Kidnapped Robert Louis Stevenson
  • She was a Christian from childhood, but she said that she was ashamed to claim the name.

    Ester Ried Yet Speaking Isabella Alden
  • If he had the chance he would live from now on so that if she were alive she need not be ashamed!

    Satan Sanderson Hallie Erminie Rives
British Dictionary definitions for ashamed

ashamed

/əˈʃeɪmd/
adjective (usually postpositive)
1.
overcome with shame, guilt, or remorse
2.
(foll by of) suffering from feelings of inferiority or shame in relation to (a person, thing, or deed)
3.
(foll by to) unwilling through fear of humiliation, shame, etc
Derived Forms
ashamedly (əˈʃeɪmɪdlɪ) adverb
Word Origin
Old English āscamod, past participle of āscamian to shame, from scamushame
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ashamed
adj.

Old English asceamed "feeling shame, filled with shame," past participle of ascamian "to feel shame," from a- intensive prefix + scamian "be ashamed, blush; cause shame" (see shame (v.)). The verb is obsolete, but the past participle lives on. Meaning "reluctant through fear of shame" is c.1300.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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