aspirin

[as-per-in, -prin]
noun, plural aspirin, aspirins.
1.
Pharmacology. a white, crystalline substance, C 9 H 8 O 4 , derivative of salicylic acid, used as an anti-inflammatory agent and to relieve the pain of headache, rheumatism, gout, neuralgia, etc.; acetylsalicylic acid.
2.
an aspirin tablet: I took two aspirin and went right to bed.

Origin:
1899; orig. German trademark, equivalent to A(cetyl) acetyl + Spir(säure) salicylic acid (see spiraea) + -in -in2

aspirant, aspirin.
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World English Dictionary
aspirin (ˈæsprɪn)
 
n , pl -rin, -rins
1.  Chemical name: acetylsalicylic acid a white crystalline compound widely used in the form of tablets to relieve pain and fever, to reduce inflammation, and to prevent strokes. Formula: CH3COOC6H4COOH
2.  a tablet of aspirin
 
[C19: from German, from A(cetyl) + Spir(säure) spiraeic acid (modern salicylic acid) + -in; see also spiraea]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

aspirin
coined 1899 in Ger. as a trademark name, from Gk. a- "without" + L. Spiraea (ulmaria), the plant in whose flowers or leaves the processed acid in the medicine is found naturally. "Hence aspirin prop. means 'acetylo-salicylic acid which is gained not from the Spiraea ulmaria (but in a chemical way)' "
[Klein]. Or the second element might be a contraction of acetylierte spirsäure, the Ger. name of the acid [OED].
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

aspirin as·pi·rin (ās'pər-ĭn, -prĭn)
n.
A white, crystalline compound derived from salicylic acid and commonly used to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammation. Also called acetylsalicylic acid.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
aspirin   (ās'pər-ĭn, ās'prĭn)  Pronunciation Key 
A white crystalline compound derived from salicylic acid and used in medicine to relieve fever and pain and as an anticoagulant. Also called acetylsalicylic acid. Chemical formula: C9H8O4.

Our Living Language  : Ninety percent of the population experiences at least one headache each year. The most common type is a tension headache, which is caused by stress and is characterized by tightening of the muscles in the base of the neck and along the scalp. Aspirin alleviates headaches by blocking the body's production of prostaglandins, hormones that contribute to pain by stimulating muscle contraction and blood vessel dilation. For thousands of years, people chewed the bark of willow trees to control headache and other pain. The study of the properties of this medicinal plant led German chemist Hermann Kolbe to synthesize acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), a building block of aspirin, in 1859. A pure form of ASA wasn't prepared until 1897, by Felix Hoffman, a chemist in the Bayer chemical factory in Germany. After publication of successful clinical trials, aspirin was distributed in powder form in 1899 and as a tablet in 1900. Aspirin possesses a number of properties that make it one of the most recommended drugs. Besides being an analgesic, or pain reliever, it also reduces inflammation that often accompanies injuries or diseases, such as arthritis. It is also an antipyretic compound, or fever reducer. Aspirin is the only over-the-counter analgesic approved for prevention of cardiovascular disease. New research suggests that aspirin may also decrease the risk of some forms of stroke. Additional studies indicate that aspirin may play a role in reducing the risks of ovarian cancer.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

Aspirin definition

language, tool
A freeware language from MITRE Corporation for the description of neural networks. A compiler, bpmake, is included. Aspirin is designed for use with the MIGRAINES interface.
Version: 6.0, as of 1995-03-08.
(ftp://ftp.cognet.ucla.edu/alexis/).
(1995-03-08)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
The culprit appears to be a drug akin to aspirin and ibuprofen.
Better to take two aspirin or puff on something, not surrender a necessary
  sense of indignation if life is unfair.
Type on a flat surface for even an hour and aspirin will be mighty tempting.
One reviewer once complained that the desk clerk wouldn't give her a free
  aspirin at a luxury hotel.
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