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8 Words That Are Older Than You Think

in

[in] /ɪn/
preposition
1.
(used to indicate inclusion within space, a place, or limits):
walking in the park.
2.
(used to indicate inclusion within something abstract or immaterial):
in politics; in the autumn.
3.
(used to indicate inclusion within or occurrence during a period or limit of time):
in ancient times; a task done in ten minutes.
4.
(used to indicate limitation or qualification, as of situation, condition, relation, manner, action, etc.):
to speak in a whisper; to be similar in appearance.
5.
(used to indicate means):
sketched in ink; spoken in French.
6.
(used to indicate motion or direction from outside to a point within) into:
Let's go in the house.
7.
(used to indicate transition from one state to another):
to break in half.
8.
(used to indicate object or purpose):
speaking in honor of the event.
adverb
9.
in or into some place, position, state, relation, etc.:
Please come in.
10.
on the inside; within.
11.
in one's house or office.
12.
in office or power.
13.
in possession or occupancy.
14.
having the turn to play, as in a game.
15.
Baseball. (of an infielder or outfielder) in a position closer to home plate than usual; short:
The third baseman played in, expecting a bunt.
16.
on good terms; in favor:
He's in with his boss, but he doubts it will last.
17.
in vogue; in style:
He says straw hats will be in this year.
18.
in season:
Watermelons will soon be in.
adjective
19.
located or situated within; inner; internal:
the in part of a mechanism.
20.
Informal.
  1. in favor with advanced or sophisticated people; fashionable; stylish:
    the in place to dine; Her new novel is the in book to read this summer.
  2. comprehensible only to a special or ultrasophisticated group:
    an in joke.
21.
well-liked; included in a favored group.
22.
inward; incoming; inbound:
an in train.
23.
plentiful; available.
24.
being in power, authority, control, etc.:
a member of the in party.
25.
playing the last nine holes of an eighteen-hole golf course (opposed to out):
His in score on the second round was 34.
noun
26.
Usually, ins. persons in office or political power (distinguished from outs).
27.
a member of the political party in power:
The election made him an in.
28.
pull or influence; a social advantage or connection:
He's got an in with the senator.
29.
(in tennis, squash, handball, etc.) a return or service that lands within the in-bounds limits of a court or section of a court (opposed to out).
verb (used with object), inned, inning. British Dialect
30.
to enclose.
Idioms
31.
be in for, to be bound to undergo something, especially a disagreeable experience:
We are in for a long speech.
32.
in for it, Slang. about to suffer chastisement or unpleasant consequences, especially of one's own actions or omissions:
I forgot our anniversary again, and I'll be in for it now.
Also, British, for it.
33.
in that, because; inasmuch as:
In that you won't have time for supper, let me give you something now.
34.
in with, on friendly terms with; familiar or associating with:
They are in with all the important people.
Origin
900
before 900; 1925-30 for def 28; Middle English, Old English; cognate with German, Dutch, Old Frisian, Old Saxon, Gothic in, Old Norse ī, Latin in, Greek en, Lithuanian į

IN

1.
Indiana (approved especially for use with zip code).

In

Symbol, Chemistry
1.

in-1

1.
a prefix representing English in (income; indwelling; inland , etc.), but used also as a verb-formative with transitive, intensive, or sometimes little apparent force (intrust; inweave , etc.). It often assumes the same forms as in-2 , such as en-, em-, im-3 .
Origin
Middle English, Old English; see in

in-2

1.
a prefix of Latin origin meaning primarily “in,” but used also as a verb-formative with the same force as in-1. (incarcerate; incantation).
Also, il-, im-, ir-.
Compare em-, en-
Origin
< Latin, combining form of in (preposition); cognate with in

in-3

1.
a prefix of Latin origin, corresponding to English un-, having a negative or privative force, freely used as an English formative, especially of adjectives and their derivatives and of nouns (inattention; indefensible; inexpensive; inorganic; invariable). It assumes the same phonetic phases as in-2. (impartial; immeasurable; illiterate; irregular , etc.). In French, it became en- and thus occurs unfelt in such words as enemy (French ennemi, Latin inimicus, lit., not friendly).
Also, il-, im-, ir-.
Origin
< Latin; akin to an-1, a-6, un-1
Synonym Study
The prefixes in- and un- may both have, among other uses, a negative force. In- is the form derived from Latin, and is therefore used in learned words or in words derived from Latin or (rarely) Greek: inaccessible, inaccuracy, inadequate, etc. Un- is the native form going back to Old English, used in words of native origin, and sometimes used in combination with words of other origins if these words are in common use: unloving, ungodly, unfeeling, unnecessary, unsafe.

-in1

1.
a suffix, occurring in adjectives of Greek and Latin origin, meaning “pertaining to,” and (in nouns thence derived) also imitated in English (coffin; cousin , etc.).
Origin
Middle English -in, -ine < Old French < Latin -inus, -ina, -inum < Greek -inos, -inē, -inon

-in2

1.
a noun suffix used in a special manner in chemical and mineralogical nomenclature (glycerin; acetin , etc.). In spelling, usage wavers between -in and -ine. In chemistry a certain distinction of use is attempted, basic substances having the termination -ine rather than -in (aconitine; aniline , etc.), and -in being restricted to certain neutral compounds, glycerides, glucosides, and proteids (albumin; palmitin , etc.), but this distinction is not always observed.
Origin
< Neo-Latin -ina. See -ine2

-in3

1.
a suffixal use of the adverb in, extracted from sit-in, forming compound nouns, usually from verbs, referring to organized protests through or in support of the named activity (kneel-in; chain-in; be-in) or, more generally, to any organized social or cultural activity (cook-in; sing-in).

in.

1.
inch; inches.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for in
  • Nonetheless, piglet offers the house to owl, and he presumably moves in.
  • This allows him to know everything about anything in the dimension he is in.
  • The lift operator brings him to the correct floor, and watches until he went in.
  • The club has two annual fixtures that it arranges or is involved in.
  • They have been named after the professions they are found to be engaged in.
  • Default place names are typically the actual city or town that the address is located in.
  • It was used for all the shows, and was eventually released officially on plug me in.
  • For a while there was even a waiting list of people wanting to get in.
  • in contrast, people in a sad mood strive to change the negative situation they are in.
  • The deadline by which any work or punishments must be handed in.
British Dictionary definitions for in

in1

/ɪn/
preposition
1.
inside; within: no smoking in the auditorium
2.
at a place where there is: lying in the shade, walking in the rain
3.
indicating a state, situation, or condition: in a deep sleep, standing in silence
4.
before or when (a period of time) has elapsed: come back in one year
5.
using (a language, etc) as a means of communication: written in code
6.
concerned or involved with, esp as an occupation: in journalism
7.
expressing a ratio, proportion, or probability: one in five boys
8.
while or by performing the action of; as a consequence of or by means of: in crossing the street he was run over
9.
used to indicate goal or purpose: in honour of the president
10.
(used of certain animals) about to give birth to; pregnant with (specified offspring): in foal, in calf
11.
a variant of into she fell in the water, he tore the paper in two
12.
(often foll by an infinitive) have it in one, to have the ability (to do something)
13.
(Austral, informal) in it, joining in; taking part
14.
(conjunction) in that, in so far as, because or to the extent that; inasmuch as: I regret my remark in that it upset you
15.
nothing in it, no difference or interval between two things
adverb (particle)
16.
in or into a particular place; inward or indoors: come in, bring him in
17.
so as to achieve office, power, or authority: the Conservatives got in at the last election
18.
so as to enclose: block in, cover in a hole
19.
(in certain games) so as to take one's turn or one's team's turn at a certain aspect of the play; taking one's innings: you have to get the other side out before you go in
20.
(Brit) (of a fire) alight: do you keep the fire in all night?
21.
(in combination) indicating an activity or gathering, esp one organized to protest against something: teach-in, work-in
22.
in at, present at (the beginning, end, etc)
23.
in between, between
24.
in for, about to be affected by (something, esp something unpleasant): you're in for a shock
25.
in on, acquainted with or sharing in: I was in on all his plans
26.
in with, associated with; friendly with; regarded highly by
27.
(informal) have it in for, have got it in for, to wish or intend harm towards
adjective
28.
(stressed) fashionable; modish: the in thing to do
29.
(NZ) competing: you've got to be in to win
noun
30.
ins and outs, intricacies or complications; details: the ins and outs of a computer system
Word Origin
Old English; compare Old High German in, Welsh yn, Old Norse ī, Latin in, Greek en

in2

abbreviation
1.
India

In

Chemical symbol
1.
indium

IN

abbreviation
1.
Indiana

in-1

prefix
1.
not; non-: incredible, insincere, illegal, imperfect, irregular Compare un-1
Word Origin
from Latin in-; related to ne-, nōn not

in-2

prefix
1.
in; into; towards; within; on: infiltrate, immigrate
2.
having an intensive or causative function: inflame, imperil
Word Origin
from in (prep, adv)

in.

abbreviation
1.
inch(es)

-in

suffix
1.
indicating a neutral organic compound, including proteins, glucosides, and glycerides: insulin, digitoxin, tripalmitin
2.
indicating an enzyme in certain nonsystematic names: pepsin
3.
indicating a pharmaceutical substance: penicillin, riboflavin, aspirin
4.
indicating a chemical substance in certain nonsystematic names: coumarin
Word Origin
from New Latin -ina; compare -ine²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for in

Old English in (prep.) "in, into, upon, on, at, among; about, during;" inne (adv.) "within, inside," from Proto-Germanic *in (cf. Old Frisian, Dutch, German, Gothic in, Old Norse i), from PIE *en "in" (cf. Greek en, Latin in "in, into," Old Irish in, Welsh yn-, Old Church Slavonic on-). As an adjective from 1590s.

The forms merged in Middle English. Modern sense distinction between in and on is from later Middle English. Sense of "holding power" (the in party) first recorded c.1600; that of "exclusive" (the in-crowd, an in-joke) is from 1907 (in-group); that of "stylish, fashionable" (the in thing) is from 1960. The noun sense of "influence, access" (have an in with) first recorded 1929 in American English. In-and-out "copulation" is attested from 1610s.

in-

prefix meaning "not, opposite of, without" (also im-, il-, ir- by assimilation of -n- with following consonant), from Latin in- "not," cognate with Greek an-, Old English un-, from PIE *ne "not" (see un- (1)).

element meaning "into, in, on, upon" (also im-, il-, ir- by assimilation of -n- with following consonant), from Latin in- "in" (see in). In Old French this often became en-, which usually was respelled in English to conform with Latin, but not always, which accounts for pairs like enquire/inquire. There was a native form, which in West Saxon usually appeared as on- (cf. Old English onliehtan "to enlighten"), and some verbs survived into Middle English (cf. inwrite "to inscribe"), but all now seem to be extinct. Not related to in- (1) "not," which also was a common prefix in Latin: to the Romans impressus could mean "pressed" or "unpressed."

-in

suffix attached to a verb, first attested 1960 with sit-in (which probably was influenced by sit-down strike); used first of protests, extended c.1965 to any gathering.

chemical suffix, usually indicating a neutral substance, antibiotic, vitamin, or hormone; see -ine (2).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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in in Medicine

In
The symbol for the element indium.

in- 1 or il- or im- or ir-
pref.
Not: invertebrate.

in- 2 or il- or im- or ir-
pref.
In; into; within: intubation.

-in suff.

  1. Neutral chemical compound: inulin.

  2. Pharmaceutical: rifampin.

  3. Antibiotic: penicillin.

  4. Antigen: tuberculin.

  5. Variant of -ine2.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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in in Science
in.  
Abbreviation of inch
In  
The symbol for indium.
indium
  (ĭn'dē-əm)   
Symbol In
A soft, malleable, silvery-white metallic element that occurs mainly in ores of zinc and lead. It is used in the manufacture of semiconductors, in bearings for aircraft engines, and as a plating over silver in mirrors. Atomic number 49; atomic weight 114.82; melting point 156.61°C; boiling point 2,080°C; specific gravity 7.31; valence 1, 2, 3. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for in

in

adjective
  1. In fashion at the moment; now preferred: Violence is in, sentiment is out (1960+)
  2. Accepted; ac-ceptable; belonging to a select group; in like flynn: one of the in people/ Bullock made it to the ''in'' crowd a few years later (1960+)
noun
  1. An advantage, esp through an acquaintance; entree: Get me an in with the skipper of that precinct (1920s+ Underworld)
  2. A person who holds office or other power or position: Will the Democrats ever be the ins again? (1768+)
Related Terms

get in, have it in for someone


-in

combining word

A communal occasion where one does what is indicated: be-in/ lie-in/ love-in/ pray-in (1960s+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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in in Technology


1. The country code for India.
(1999-01-27)
2. The typical type or "mode" of function parameter that passes information in one direction - from the caller to the function. Other modes are out and inout.
(2010-01-19)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Related Abbreviations for in

in

inch

In

indium

IN

Indiana
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with in

in

, also see under
out of
.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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2
3
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