attainder

[uh-teyn-der]
noun
1.
the legal consequence of judgment of death or outlawry for treason or felony, involving the loss of all civil rights.
2.
Obsolete, dishonor.

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English, noun use of Anglo-French attaindre to convict, Old French ataindre to convict, attain

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attainder (əˈteɪndə, əˈteɪntʃə)
 
n
1.  See also bill of attainder (formerly) the extinction of a person's civil rights resulting from a sentence of death or outlawry on conviction for treason or felony
2.  obsolete dishonour
 
[C15: from Anglo-French attaindre to convict, from Old French ateindre to attain]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

attainder
"extinction of rights of a person sentenced to death or outlaw," mid-15c., from O.Fr. ataindre "to touch upon, strike, hit, seize, accuse, condemn" (see attain). O.Fr. infinitive used as a noun. Latin attingere had a wide range of meanings, including "to attack, to strike,
to appropriate, to manage," all somehow suggested by the literal sense "to touch."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
At early common law, an offender convicted of a capital offense was placed in a state of attainder.
No attainder shall work corruption of blood, nor except during the life of the offender forfeiture of estate.
No conviction of treason or attainder shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate.
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