automatism

[aw-tom-uh-tiz-uhm]
noun
1.
the action or condition of being automatic; mechanical or involuntary action.
2.
Philosophy. the doctrine that all activities of animals, or of humans and animals, are entirely controlled by physical or physiological causes in which consciousness takes no part.
3.
Physiology. the involuntary functioning of an organic process, especially muscular, without apparent neural stimulation.
4.
Psychology.
a.
the performance of an act or actions without the performer's awareness or conscious volition.
b.
such an act, as sleepwalking.
5.
a method of producing pictorial art, as paintings and collages, associated chiefly with the dadaists and surrealists, in which the artist strives to allow the impulses of the unconscious to guide the hand in matters of line, color, and structure without the interference of conscious choice.

Origin:
1880–85; < Greek automatismós a happening of itself. See automaton, -ism

automatist, noun, adjective
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World English Dictionary
automatism (ɔːˈtɒməˌtɪzəm)
 
n
1.  the state or quality of being automatic; mechanical or involuntary action
2.  law, philosophy the explanation of an action, or of action in general, as determined by the physiological states of the individual, admissible in law as a defence when the physiological state is involuntary, as in sleepwalking
3.  psychol the performance of actions, such as sleepwalking, without conscious knowledge or control
4.  the suspension of consciousness sought or achieved by certain artists and writers to allow free flow of uncensored thoughts
 
au'tomatist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

automatism au·tom·a·tism (ô-tŏm'ə-tĭz'əm)
n.

  1. The involuntary functioning of an organ or other body structure that is not under conscious control, such as the beating of the heart or the dilation of the pupil of the eye.

  2. The reflexive action of a body part.

  3. An act performed without intent or conscious exercise of the will, often without realization of its occurrence, as for certain types of epilepsy.

  4. A condition in which one is consciously or unconsciously, but involuntarily, compelled to the performance of certain acts. Also called telergy.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Example sentences
Beyond propositional speech and making sentences, there seems to be language embedded in song and in automatism of various sorts.
In other words, for all its talk about automatism, surrealism produced an aggressively purposeful art.
Before trial, the defendant raised evidence of his automatism under the insanity statute.
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