autonomous

[aw-ton-uh-muhs]
adjective
1.
Government.
a.
self-governing; independent; subject to its own laws only.
b.
pertaining to an autonomy.
2.
having autonomy; not subject to control from outside; independent: a subsidiary that functioned as an autonomous unit.
3.
Biology.
a.
existing and functioning as an independent organism.

Origin:
1790–1800; < Greek autónomos with laws of one's own, independent, equivalent to auto- auto-1 + nóm(os) law, custom + -os adj. suffix

autonomously, adverb
nonautonomous, adjective
nonautonomously, adverb
nonautonomousness, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
autonomous (ɔːˈtɒnəməs)
 
adj
1.  (of a community, country, etc) possessing a large degree of self-government
2.  of or relating to an autonomous community
3.  independent of others
4.  philosophy
 a.  acting or able to act in accordance with rules and principles of one's own choosing
 b.  Compare heteronomous See also categorical imperative (in the moral philosophy of Kant, of an individual's will) directed to duty rather than to some other end
5.  biology existing as an organism independent of other organisms or parts
6.  a variant spelling of autonomic
 
[C19: from Greek autonomos living under one's own laws, from auto- + nomos law]
 
au'tonomously
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

autonomous
1800, from Gk. autonomos "having one's own laws," from autos "self" (see auto-) + nomos "law" (see numismatics). Cf. privilege. Used mostly in metaphysics and politics; see autonomic.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
On these technologies autonomous decision making and independent action by
  robotic spacecraft relies.
California community colleges are governed by local, autonomous districts.
The development of autonomous vehicles has not skidded to a halt, however.
And the idea of armed autonomous robots is too risky.
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