Bakelite

Bakelite

[bey-kuh-lahyt, beyk-lahyt]
Trademark.
a brand name for any of a series of thermosetting plastics prepared by heating phenol or cresol with formaldehyde and ammonia under pressure: used for radio cabinets, telephone receivers, electric insulators, and molded plastic ware.
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World English Dictionary
Bakelite (ˈbeɪkəˌlaɪt)
 
n
trademark any one of a class of thermosetting resins used as electric insulators and for making plastic ware, telephone receivers, etc
 
[C20: named after L. H. Baekeland (1863--1944), Belgian-born US inventor; see -ite1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bakelite
type of plastic widely used early 20c., 1909, from Ger. Bakelit, named for Belgian-born physicist Leo Baekeland (1863-1944), who invented it.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

bakelite

synthetic resin formed from the chemical combination of phenols and formaldehydes. Bakelite is a hard, infusible, and chemically resistant plastic whose properties as a nonconductor of electricity have made it exceptionally useful in all sorts of electrical appliances. It is used in many industrial applications as an electrical insulator, in molding and casting operations, as an adhesive, and in paints and baked-enamel coatings. Phenol-formaldehyde resins are indispensable in manufacturing chemical equipment, machine and instrument housings, bottle closures, and many machine and electrical components.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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