follow Dictionary.com

Yours, Etc.: Origins and Uses of 8 Sign-Offs

banish

[ban-ish] /ˈbæn ɪʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to expel from or relegate to a country or place by authoritative decree; condemn to exile:
He was banished to Devil's Island.
2.
to compel to depart; send, drive, or put away:
to banish sorrow.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English banisshen < Anglo-French, Old French baniss-, long stem of banir < Frankish *bannjan to proclaim, akin to ban1
Related forms
banisher, noun
banishment, noun
nonbanishment, noun
probanishment, adjective
self-banished, adjective
self-banishment, noun
unbanished, adjective
Synonyms
1. exile, expatriate, outlaw; deport.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
Examples from the web for banishment
  • Enraged, he disinherited her and sentenced her to banishment.
  • But this banishment to the rocks and echoes no metaphysics can make right or tolerable.
  • In others, banishment hangs in the balance, with the prospect of families split up or swept into harm's way.
  • Both the cast dinner and beachfront after-party were canceled, and his banishment followed the next day.
  • The family is more than usual itself and for the time there is banishment of the war clouds that were then hanging over the south.
  • Killing natives was a serious crime as banishment meant loss of land, privileges and food rations.
  • And so are miserable housing, poor health, and social banishment.
British Dictionary definitions for banishment

banish

/ˈbænɪʃ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to expel from a place, esp by an official decree as a punishment
2.
to drive away: to banish gloom
Derived Forms
banishment, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French banir, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German ban
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for banishment
n.

c.1500, from banish + -ment.

banish

v.

late 14c., banischen, from banniss-, extended stem of Old French banir "announce, proclaim; levy; forbid; banish, proclaim an outlaw," from a Germanic source (perhaps Frankish *bannjan "to order or prohibit under penalty"), or from Vulgar Latin cognate *bannire (see bandit). Related: Banished; banishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Encyclopedia Article for banishment

prolonged absence from one's country imposed by vested authority as a punitive measure. It most likely originated among early civilizations from the practice of designating an offender an outcast and depriving him of the comfort and protection of his group. Exile was practiced by the Greeks chiefly in cases of homicide, although ostracism was a form of exile imposed for political reasons. In Rome, exile (exsilium) arose as a means of circumventing the death penalty (see capital punishment). Before a death sentence was pronounced, a Roman citizen could escape by voluntary exile. Later, degrees of exile were introduced, including temporary or permanent exile, exile with or without loss of citizenship, and exile with or without confiscation of property. The Romans generally determined punishment by class, applying sentences of banishment to the upper classes and sentences of forced labour to the lower classes.

Learn more about banishment with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for banish

Most English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for banishment

17
20
Scrabble Words With Friends

Quotes with banishment

Nearby words for banishment