bans

[banz]
noun (used with a plural verb) Ecclesiastical.
banns, bans.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

ban

1 [ban]
verb (used with object), banned, banning.
1.
to prohibit, forbid, or bar; interdict: to ban nuclear weapons; The dictator banned all newspapers and books that criticized his regime.
2.
Archaic.
a.
to pronounce an ecclesiastical curse upon.
b.
to curse; execrate.
noun
3.
the act of prohibiting by law; interdiction.
4.
informal denunciation or prohibition, as by public opinion: society's ban on racial discrimination.
5.
Law.
a.
a proclamation.
b.
a public condemnation.
6.
Ecclesiastical. a formal condemnation; excommunication.
7.
a malediction; curse.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English bannen, Old English bannan to summon, proclaim; cognate with Old Norse banna to curse (probably influencing some senses of ME word), Old High German bannan; akin to Latin fārī to speak, Sanskrit bhanati (he) speaks

bannable, adjective
unbanned, adjective

band, banned.


1. taboo, outlaw, proscribe. 3. prohibition, proscription, interdict. 3, 4. taboo.


1. allow.

ban

2 [ban]
noun
1.
a public proclamation or edict.
2.
bans, Ecclesiastical, banns.
3.
a.
the summoning of the sovereign's vassals for military service.
b.
the body of vassals summoned.

Origin:
1200–50; Middle English, aphetic variant of iban, Old English gebann proclamation, summons to arms (derivative of bannan ban1), influenced in some senses by Old French ban, from same Germanic base

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ban1 (bæn)
 
vb , bans, banning, banned
1.  (tr) to prohibit, esp officially, from action, display, entrance, sale, etc; forbid: to ban a book; to ban smoking
2.  (tr) (formerly in South Africa) to place (a person suspected of illegal political activity) under a government order restricting his movement and his contact with other people
3.  archaic to curse
 
n
4.  an official prohibition or interdiction
5.  law an official proclamation or public notice, esp of prohibition
6.  a public proclamation or edict, esp of outlawry
7.  archaic public censure or condemnation
8.  archaic a curse; imprecation
 
[Old English bannan to proclaim; compare Old Norse banna to forbid, Old High German bannan to command]

ban2 (bæn)
 
n
(in feudal England) the summoning of vassals to perform their military obligations
 
[C13: from Old French ban, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German ban command, Old Norse bannban1]

ban3 (bæn)
 
n , pl bani
a monetary unit of Romania and Moldova worth one hundredth of a leu
 
[from Romanian, from Serbo-Croat bān lord]

banns or bans (bænz)
 
pl n
1.  the public declaration of an intended marriage, usually formally announced on three successive Sundays in the parish churches of both the betrothed
2.  forbid the banns to raise an objection to a marriage announced in this way
 
[C14: plural of bann proclamation; see ban1]
 
bans or bans
 
pl n
 
[C14: plural of bann proclamation; see ban1]

bans (bænz)
 
pl n
a variant spelling of banns

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ban
O.E. bannan "to summon, command, proclaim," from P.Gmc. *bannan "proclaim, command, forbid" (cf. O.H.G. bannan "to command or forbid under threat of punishment," Ger. bannen "banish, expel, curse"), originally "to speak publicly," from PIE base *bha- "to speak" (cf. O.Ir. bann "law," Armenian ban "word;"
see fame). Main modern sense of "to prohibit" is from O.N. cognate banna "curse, prohibit," and probably in part from O.Fr. ban, which meant "outlawry, banishment," among other things (see banal) and was a borrowing from Germanic. The sense evolution in Germanic was from "speak" to "proclaim a threat" to (in O.N., Ger., etc.) "curse." The Germanic root, borrowed in Latin and French, has been productive: cf. banish, bandit, contraband, etc. Banned in Boston dates from 1920s, in allusion to the excessive zeal and power of that city's Watch and Ward Society.

ban
"governor of Croatia," from Serbo-Croat. ban "lord, master, ruler," from Pers. ban "prince, lord, chief, governor," related to Skt. pati "guards, protects." Hence banat "district governed by a ban," with Latinate suffix -atus. The Persian word got into Slavic perhaps via the Avars.

ban
"edict of prohibition," from ban (v.). O.E. (ge)bann meant "proclamation, summons, command."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Not surprisingly, the plastics industry is not a fan of these taxes and bans.
Plastic bag bans or taxes are growing increasingly common.
Although the industry debates environmental and energy benefits, bans and taxes
  to reduce plastic bag use have swept the world.
Bans and cages and account blocks could only slow the attackers, not stop them.
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