|Meuse (mɜːz, French møz)|
|1.||a department of N France, in Lorraine region: heavy fighting occurred here in World War I. Capital: Bar-le-Duc. Pop: 191 728 (2003 est). Area: 6241 sq km (2434 sq miles)|
|2.||Dutch name: Maas a river in W Europe, rising in NE France and flowing north across E Belgium and the S Netherlands to join the Waal River before entering the North Sea. Length: 926 km (575 miles)|
capital of Meuse departement, Lorraine region, northeastern France. It extends out along the narrow valley of the Ornain River, west of Nancy. To the northeast is the Canal de la Marne au Rhin, on the southwest the Canal des Usines. The Ornain River valley is enclosed by wooded and vine-clad hills. From the 10th century Bar was the seat of a countship, and later a duchy. The remains of the chateau of the counts and dukes of Bar are in the upper town, along with the 15th-16th-century Church of Saint-Etienne and medieval houses. The Church of Notre-Dame (15th century) and the buildings housing municipal offices are in the lower town. Bar-le-Duc is above all an administrative and service centre; its historic buildings also give the town a tourist function. Industries include textile and machinery manufacture. Since the 14th century Bar-le-Duc has produced renowned currant jam made by laboriously removing the seeds by hand from each berry. Pop. (1990) 17,545; (1999) 16,944
Learn more about Bar-le-Duc with a free trial on Britannica.com.